The home of the conservation professional INSTITUTE OF HISTORIC BUILDING CONSERVATION YEARBOOK2016
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3 CONTENTS What is the IHBC? 4 Foreword 5 STRUCTURE AND MEMBERSHIP Structure of the IHBC 6 Elected and appointed officers 7 Branch contacts 8 Membership of the IHBC 10 REVIEW Chair’s review Mike Brown 15 The IHBC comes of age Seán O’Reilly 16 Heritage and value Henry Russell 19 The case for incentives Donovan Rypkema 23 Neighbourhood planning in the Baltic Triangle Dave Chetwyn and Gerry Proctor 27 Nudge theory Anrew McClelland 31 Care in the community Sarah McCleod 35 DIRECTORY Directory of members 40 HESPR companies 76 USEFUL INFORMATION Courses and events 79 Empowering volunteers Kate Kendall 83 IHBC-recognised courses 84 National organisations 87 Local authority contacts 90 Products and services 94 ADVERTISERS INDEX 100 THE INSTITUTE OF HISTORIC BUILDING CONSERVATION www.ihbc.org.uk Registered as a charity in England and Wales number 1061593 and in Scotland number SC041945 Company Limited by Guarantee Registered in England number 3333780 Registered Office: 3 Stafford Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent TN2 4QZ OFFICERS IHBC officers are listed on page 7. Branch contacts are listed on page 8. BUSINESS OFFICE Jubilee House, High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 01747 873133 Fax 01747 871718 Email email@example.com DIRECTOR’S OFFICE Postal address: Jubilee House, High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 0131 558 3671 Email firstname.lastname@example.org The institute cannot accept responsibility for the acts or omissions of any Member, Associate, Affiliate or HESPR company and accordingly the institute shall not be liable for any loss or damage or other matter arising from the employment or engagement of any member. IHBC YEARBOOK We gratefully acknowledge the support of firms whose advertisements appear throughout this publication. While every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this Yearbook is current and correct, neither the IHBC nor the publisher can be held responsible for any errors or omissions which may occur. All rights reserved. The title of the IHBC Yearbook is and shall remain the absolute property of the institute. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recordings, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the institute. This 2016 edition has been prepared for the Communications & Outreach Committee by the IHBC National Office with the help of Cathedral Communications Limited. EDITOR David Boulting COVER ILLUSTRATIONS Front cover: Worcester Cathedral, which was founded in 680 as a priory. The present building was commenced in 1084 by Bishop Wulfstan. Back cover, main illustration: The Hive (2010–12), Worcester, designed by Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios for Worcestershire County Council and the University of Worcester as a city centre library, history and customer centre. (Photos: Steve McLeish) The IHBC Yearbook is published and produced by Cathedral Communications Limited, High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 01747 871717 Fax 01747 871718 Email email@example.com www.buildingconservation.com Copyright 2016 Cathedral Communications Limited ISBN 978 1 900915 81 6 For additional copies of the IHBC Yearbook please contact the IHBC Business Office, Tel 01747 873133.
4 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 6 WHAT IS THE IHBC? The Institute of Historic Building Conservation is the principal body in the United Kingdom representing professionals and specialists involved in the conservation and preservation of the historic environment. Our members include architects, architectural historians and researchers, conservation officers in central and local government, planners, surveyors, structural engineers and other specialist practitioners, including curators, conservators and craftspeople. The benefits of membership include: • news updates (NewsBlogs) • Context, IHBC’s journal • IHBCYearbook • The Building Conservation Directory and other conservation publications from Cathedral Communications • events: reduced rates and priority access (as applicable) • job notices (IHBC Jobs etc) • technical support and guidance • national, regional and web-based advice and advisory panels • tax relief on subscriptions (incomerelated) • access to business support and listings including membership of IHBC’s Historic Environment Service Providers Recognition (HESPR) scheme (full members) • guidance on project development • career advice and support • training and CPD events, including IHBC annual schools • networking opportunities, including local branches • participation and CPD opportunities in electronic panels • access to advocacy and lobbying • participation in supporting IHBC’s wider public services: - web-based resources - sector consultations service - volunteering opportunities - awards (IHBC Gus Astley Student Awards) - partnerships across built sector interests. The institute’s charitable purpose is to promote for the benefit of the public: • the conservation and enhancement of the historic environment in the United Kingdom • the highest standards of professional skills in this field • the education and training of professionals and specialists responsible for such work. The IHBC’s operations are planned in accordance with the three objects listed in its current Corporate Plan (see website for details): • helping people by promoting the conservation and management of historic places as a unique and evolving resource for people, both today and in the future • helping conservation by supporting specialists, specialisms and specialist interests across all conservation-related activities, because effective conservation demands skilled care • helping conservation specialists by supporting, encouraging and challenging IHBC members and prospective members, because conservation specialists work most effectively with coordination, advice, inspiration and scrutiny provided by an informed professional body.
5 FOREWORD Two roads diverged in a yellowwood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; These words from the opening verse of ‘The Road Not Taken’ by Robert Frost could be describing the start of the journey taken by the IHBC since it was formed from the Association of Conservation Officers many years ago. In 2016, the Yearbook diverges from its usual ‘professional’ theme and majors in people instead. For me that suggests a subtle change of direction. Since taking over the presidency of the IHBC in September 2015, I have been adjusting to the scale of the role. I’ve already learned a great deal from my more than capable predecessor Trefor Thorpe, who has worked wonders during his tenure to modernise the governance of the IHBC. He is indeed a hard act to follow. I set out my stall as president in the November 2015 edition of Context and will develop these themes in future issues. For those readers of the Yearbook who are not also readers of Context, these are: • Planning – putting heritage at its heart provide excellent CPD to assist in the Practice, and Finance and Economics areas of competence (see page 12). I know that many applicants consider Finance and Economics as perhaps their weakest area of competence. The themed articles and further research should help them to develop confidence in this area. The ‘people’ theme of the articles also strikes a chord with me, not only in my role as president, but also as the theme of this year’s IHBC annual school in Worcester in June. I hope to meet many members, associates and affiliates there. Indeed, one of my presidential duties will be to get myself out and about to meet members of the IHBC branches. I have already had the privilege of meeting members of the Northern Ireland Branch at its AGM in November. It is the smallest of the IHBC branches in terms of members, but certainly not in its enthusiasm or ambition. I was most impressed by their positive approach, and their can-do attitude is exemplified by the article by branch member Andrew McClelland (see page 31). I look forward to making new friends in Worcester as I get to know members from other branches around the UK. I hope, in the meantime, that this edition of the Yearbook provides food for thought and I hope to discuss some of the important and innovative ideas with you at the annual school. In a rather roundabout way, this brings me back to Robert Frost’s poem. As we continue on this IHBC journey together, we might reflect on its final words and what they might mean for us in the future. Two roads diverged in a wood, and I – I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. David McDonald IHBC President • Professionalism – developing the IHBC’s role in supporting its members to provide respected and highly professional services • Poetry of Place – celebrating placemaking and the role of poetry and the arts in achieving quality. These of course, are not the only issues that the Institute will have to grapple with in the year ahead, and Mike Brown elaborates on these in his Chair’s Review (see page 15). Now, I turn to the themes of this 2016 edition of the IHBC Yearbook, which might be summarised in two words: money and people. At first glance, these appear to be quite different topics, but both are of great importance to the profession. For very obvious reasons money is crucial because without it our buildings, sites and places will wither away. People are equally important for providing the life-blood of conservation, whether as building owners, professionals or active members of the community. Connecting these two themes is that of innovation; something we should not shy away from in our profession. For those readers who might be considering applying for membership of the IHBC, these articles will all Photo: John Webb, IHBC London
6 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 6 STRUCTURE OF THE IHBC Yorkshire David Blackburn firstname.lastname@example.org Scotland Jane Jackson email@example.com South Julia Foster firstname.lastname@example.org South East Sean Rix email@example.com South West James Webb firstname.lastname@example.org Wales John Edwards email@example.com West Midlands (Vacant) firstname.lastname@example.org FINANCE& RESOURCES COMMITTEE Treasurer and Committee Chair Richard Morrice email@example.com Chair of Council Mike Brown firstname.lastname@example.org PRESIDENT David McDonald email@example.com CHAIR Mike Brown firstname.lastname@example.org B R A N C H C O U N C I L M E M B E R S B R A N C H C O U N C I L M E M B E R S SECRETARY Jo Evans email@example.com Administrator Lydia Porter firstname.lastname@example.org EDUCATIONTRAINING & STANDARDS COMMITTEE Acting Education Secretary and Committee Chair Henry Russell email@example.com COMMUNICATIONS & OUTREACH COMMITTEE Communications & Outreach Secretary and Committee Chair Charles Strang firstname.lastname@example.org Editorial Board Chair Fiona Newton email@example.com MEMBERSHIP & ETHICS COMMITTEE Acting Membership Secretary and Committee Chair David Kincaid firstname.lastname@example.org NOTES Red text indicates voting posts of council. Other officers can attend council as required. For further details of the regional branch contacts see map on page 8. For contact details of all others please refer to the directory of members on page 40. POLICY COMMITTEE Acting Policy Secretary and Committee Chair Roy Lewis email@example.com Government Liaison Secretary Bob Kindred firstname.lastname@example.org East Midlands Roy Lewis email@example.com London Sheila Stones firstname.lastname@example.org North (Vacant) email@example.com Northern Ireland Jill Kerry firstname.lastname@example.org North West Crispin Edwards email@example.com East Anglia David Andrews firstname.lastname@example.org Projects Officer Fiona Newton email@example.com Learning, Education, Training&Standards Officer Kate Kendall firstname.lastname@example.org Membership Services Officer Carmen Moran email@example.com DIRECTOR Seán O‘Reilly firstname.lastname@example.org IHBC NATIONAL OFFICE VICE CHAIR Kathryn Davies email@example.com COUNCIL
7 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P HENRY RUSSELL, EDUCATION SECRETARY (ACTING) is a chartered surveyor and programme director of a building conservation course at the University of Reading. He is chair of the Heritage Alliance Spatial Planning Advocacy Group and deputy chair of the Council for Training in Architectural Conservation. He chairs Gloucester DAC and is a member of the Church Buildings Council. firstname.lastname@example.org ROY LEWIS, POLICY SECRETARY (ACTING) is a chartered town planner who has specialised in architectural conservation and urban design throughout his career. He has held planning and conservation posts in local government, ran an undergraduate conservation programme at the University of Derby and is currently director of Grover Lewis Associates Ltd, a specialist town planning and built heritage consultancy. He has been the East Midlands Branch Representative since 2006 and for a number of years represented the IHBC on the Urban Design Alliance. email@example.com CHARLES STRANG, COMMUNICATIONS AND OUTREACH SECRETARY is a chartered architect and planner. He studied architecture and urban and regional planning at Strathclyde University. He worked for 14 years in local government before joining National Trust for Scotland as the head of planning, later becoming the director of buildings and gardens. He is now a sole practitioner specialising in conservation architecture and planning, and a trustee of the Sir Patrick Geddes Memorial Trust. firstname.lastname@example.org DAVID KINCAID, MEMBERSHIP SECRETARY (ACTING) was the conservation team leader at Canterbury until retirement in August 2013. He was responsible for a wide range of projects including conservation area management, listed building and area grant schemes, and world heritage site management. Prior to this he worked for 14 years in South Yorkshire on a range of regeneration and urban design projects. email@example.com ELECTED and APPOINTED OFFICERS DAVID McDONALD, PRESIDENT is an independent historic environment consultant specialising in providing heritage training for other built environment professionals. He formerly led the Conservation and Design Team at the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. He represents the IHBC on the Historic Environment Forum and is a member of the Victorian Society’s Southern Buildings Committee. firstname.lastname@example.org MIKE BROWN, CHAIR is a chartered building surveyor with some 25 years’ experience of the repair, refurbishment and successful change management of historic buildings and places, both as a practitioner and conservation officer. email@example.com KATHRYN DAVIES, VICE CHAIR is a heritage and planning consultant with over 30 years’ experience, principally in the public sector. She worked first in local authorities in planning and conservation and latterly with English Heritage/Historic England where she worked with historic buildings and areas and then ran the historic places team in the South East. Engaging communities in understanding the significance of the historic environment was a major focus of this work. She currently works as a planning and historic environment consultant. firstname.lastname@example.org RICHARD MORRICE, TREASURER is an architectural historian, a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and chairman of Canterbury DAC. Formerly an inspector of historic buildings, he is senior heritage protection reform advisor with English Heritage email@example.com JO EVANS, SECRETARY is an associate director at CgMs Consulting and has held a number of conservation posts in local authorities in Surrey and Hampshire. She was chair of the IHBC from 2010 to 2013. Prior to that she was the membership secretary and the chair of the Membership & Ethics Committee, following on from holding posts on branch and other national committees. firstname.lastname@example.org The post-holders shown are correct at the time of printing but are subject to change. For the latest information please see www.ihbc.org.uk/page63/index.html
8 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 6 FLINTSHIRE CONWY ISLE OF ANGLESEY GWYNEDD POWYS THE VALE OF GLAMORGAN NEATH PORT TALBOT SWANSEA CARDIFF RHONDDA, CYNON, TAFF MERTHYR TYDFIL NEWPORT BLAENAU GWENT CAERPHILLY TORFAEN MONMOUTHSHIRE NORTH SOMERSET BATH AND NE SOMERSET SOUTH GLOUCESTERSHIRE CITY OF BRISTOL CALDERDALE KIRKLEES SHEFFIELD ROTHERHAM BRADFORD LEEDS YORK BARNSLEY WAKEFIELD DONCASTER NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE NORTH EAST LINCOLNSHIRE CITY OF KINGSTON UPON HULL EAST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE SOUTH AYRSHIRE EAST AYRSHIRE ARGYLL AND BUTE NA H-EILEANAN AN IAR H I G H L A N D MORAY ABERDEEN CITY ANGUS PERTH AND KINROSS STIRLING F I FE DUNDEE CITY EAST LOTHIAN MIDLOTHIAN SOUTH LANARKSHIRE CLACKMANNANSHIRE NORTH AYRSHIRE SCOTTISH BORDERS ISLE OF WIGHT SHETLAND ISLANDS CITY OF DERBY SWINDON CITY OF PORTSMOUTH CITY OF SOUTHAMPTON BOURNEMOUTH POOLE RUTLAND CITY OF LEICESTER MILTON KEYNES LUTON CITY OF BRIGHTON & HOVE CITY OF STOKE-ONTRENT CEREDIGION TORBAY CITY OF PLYMOUTH WEST BERKSHIRE READING WOKINGHAM BRACKNELL FOREST WINDSOR AND MAIDENHEAD SLOUGH THURROCK SOUTHEND-ON-SEA MEDWAY CITY OF PETERBOROUGH COUNTY OF HEREFORDSHIRE DENBIGHSHIRE WREXHAM TELFORD AND WREKIN BRIDGEND BEDFORDSHIRE CITY OF NOTTINGHAM BLACKBURN WITH DARWEN BLACKPOOL ORKNEY ISLANDS REDCAR AND CLEVELAND MIDDLESBROUGH NORTH TYNESIDE SOUTH TYNESIDE SUNDERLAND HARTLEPOOL GATESHEAD NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE STOCKTON-ON-TEES DARLINGTON London area (see inset) 1 2 3 4 WEST LOTHIAN FALKIRK NORTH LANARKSHIRE 5 EAST DUNBARTONSHIRE WEST DUNBARTONSHIRE KNOWSLEY 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 ST HELENS WIGAN 7 6 BURY 9 8 10 11 12 13 STOCKPORT WARRINGTON HALTON WIRRAL SEFTON Dashed lines are for clarification purposes only. CARMARTHENSHIRE PEMBROKESHIRE ISLES OF SCILLY CORNWALL DEVON SOMERSET DORSET WILT SHIRE HAMPSHIRE WEST SUSSEX SURREY EAST SUSSEX KENT ESSEX SUFFOLK NORFOLK CAMBRIDGESHIRE BUCKINGHAMSHIRE OXFORDSHIRE GLOUCESTERSHIRE SHROPSHIRE STAFFORDSHIRE CHESHIRE DERBYSHIRE WARWICKSHIRE NORTHAMPTONSHIRE LINCOLNSHIRE NOTTINGHAMSHIRE NORTH YORKSHIRE LANCASHIRE CUMBRIA DURHAM NORTHUMBERLAND LEICESTERSHIRE WORCESTERSHIRE ABERDEENSHI RE DUMFR I ES AND GAL LOWAY HERTFORDSHIRE 0 50 100 km Boundaries revised to April 2001 Crown copyright 2001 NORTHERN IRELAND BRANCH CONTACTS EAST ANGLIA (BEDFORDSHIRE, CAMBRIDGESHIRE, ESSEX, HERTFORDSHIRE, NORFOLK AND SUFFOLK) email@example.com Branch contact: DAVID ANDREWS EAST MIDLANDS (DERBYSHIRE, LEICESTERSHIRE, LINCOLNSHIRE, NORTHAMPTONSHIRE AND NOTTINGHAMSHIRE) firstname.lastname@example.org Branch contact: ROY LEWIS LONDON (GREATER LONDON) email@example.com Branch contact: SHEILA STONES
9 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P WALES (ALL ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS) firstname.lastname@example.org Branch contact: JOHN EDWARDS WEST MIDLANDS (HEREFORDSHIRE, WORCESTERSHIRE, SHROPSHIRE, STAFFORDSHIRE, WARWICKSHIRE AND WEST MIDLANDS) email@example.com YORKSHIRE (ALL YORKSHIRE COUNTIES) firstname.lastname@example.org Branch contact: DAVID BLACKBURN OVERSEAS MEMBERS (ALL COUNTRIES) email@example.com Acting Membership Secretary: DAVID KINCAID SOUTH (BERKSHIRE, BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, CHANNEL ISLANDS, HAMPSHIRE, ISLE OF WIGHT AND OXFORDSHIRE) firstname.lastname@example.org Branch contact: JULIA FOSTER SOUTH EAST (EAST SUSSEX, KENT, SURREY AND WEST SUSSEX) email@example.com Branch contact: SEAN RIX SOUTH WEST (CORNWALL, DEVON, DORSET, GLOUCESTERSHIRE, SCILLY ISLANDS, SOMERSET AND WILTSHIRE) firstname.lastname@example.org Branch contact: JAMES WEBB NORTH (CLEVELAND, CUMBRIA, DURHAM, NORTHUMBERLAND AND TYNE AND WEAR) email@example.com NORTH WEST (CHESHIRE, GREATER MANCHESTER, ISLE OF MAN, LANCASHIRE AND MERSEYSIDE) firstname.lastname@example.org Branch contact: CRISPIN EDWARDS NORTHERN IRELAND (ALL COUNTIES) email@example.com Branch contact: JILL KERRY SCOTLAND (ALL ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS AND ISLANDS) firstname.lastname@example.org Branch contact: JANE JACKSON NB: Branch email queries are managed by Branch committees – for full details see Branch pages on the website IHBC.org.uk
10 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 6 MEMBERSHIP OF THE IHBC The institute offers membership to all those who care for or about the built and historic environment, and our members are drawn from many disciplines. They include, among many other practitioners, architects, town planners, building surveyors, estate managers, structural engineers, landscape architects, curators, buildings and project managers, archaeologists, architectural historians, local authority conservation officers, officers from national conservation organisations, academics and private practitioners. Membership of the institute is aimed at being inclusive rather than exclusive, but all categories of membership require the observance of our Code of Conduct (see page 12). There are three categories of membership available: Full membership of the institute is open to all whose principal skill, expertise, training and employment is in providing specialist advice in the conservation of the built and historic environment. Full members have demonstrated to the IHBC their skills, knowledge and experience as interdisciplinary conservation specialists able to offer advice in line with national and international standards and models in conservation and project management. As such, full members are normally expected to demonstrate skills and experience in line with and across the institute’s four areas of competence (see page 12) while significant skills in one or more areas may be seen to outweigh weaknesses in one of the other areas. Anybody who satisfies these requirements and has at least five years’ relevant experience would normally be considered eligible for full membership. For those who have gained a qualification from a conservation course that has full recognition from the institute (see page 84) the necessary period of relevant experience required is reduced from five years to two years. Delegates at the 2015 annual school visit George Skipper’s Royal Arcade in Norwich (Photo: Jonathan Taylor)
11 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P Associate membership is awarded to practitioners who have demonstrated to the IHBC their specialist skills, knowledge and experience in conservation relating to their primary discipline or area of practice. Affiliate membership is available for those who have not yet demonstrated to council the criteria for full membership, but wish eventually to gain full membership. Retired members are those who have retired from practice. FEE SUPPORT Membership is available at concessionary rates for those who are on low wages. Other members who make a case that they could benefit from fee support due to low wage or part-time work or other relevant reasons may be eligible for further reductions. All forms of concessionary membership last only for the subscription year in which they are agreed. Retired This form of membership allows a reduced subscription rate for existing members who are retired from practice but wish to remain in contact with the institute. Those wishing to apply for this form of membership should write to the membership services officer confirming that they are no longer gainfully employed in conservation or otherwise. Libraries This is a form of subscribing membership where an organisation, rather than an individual, may access our services and benefits. Those wishing to apply for this form of membership should contact the membership secretary who will advise them of the subscription rate applicable. All members have the right to receive notices, literature and Context. The Membership & Ethics Committee, subject to the approval of council, will decide on eligibility for and class of membership. All membership information is kept on a computer database and names and addresses can be used for mailing of appropriate information to members subject to stated preferences on the membership application form and careful control by officers. To apply for membership please see www.ihbc.org.uk/join/index.html MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTIONS 2016 Subscriptions are due annually on 1 April and can be paid by direct debit or by cheque (made payable to the Institute of Historic Building Conservation). Members, affiliates and associates £110 per annum Concessionary rate £55 per annum (available to those with an annual income below £17,500, subject to proof of income and renewed annually) Retired members £55 per annum Fee support If you are having difficulty meeting the cost of our membership fees you can apply for fee support (www.ihbc.org.uk/join/feesupport/index.html). Successful applicants typically have their fees reduced by 75 per cent of the full rate. Much of the IHBC’s training is delivered by the nationwide branch network and attracts expertise from across the sector. Here, a discussion panel fields questions at the 2015 IHBC London Branch day conference on historic landscapes. Seated, left to right: Bob Bagley and Roo Angell (Sayes Court Garden CIC), Drew Bennellick (HLF), Dominic Cole (Dominic Cole Landscape Architects) and Johanna Gibbons (J & L Gibbons Landscape Architects). (Photo: John Webb, IHBC London) Full members can offer advice in line with national and international standards and models in conservation and project management.
12 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 6 AREAS OF COMPETENCE PROFESSIONAL PRACTICAL Evaluation Management Intervention 1 Philosophy 3 History 5 Legislation and policy 7 Design and presentation 2 Practice 4 Research, recording and analysis 6 Finance and economics 8 Technology The eight IHBC competences AREAS OF COMPETENCE AND COMPETENCES FOR IHBC MEMBERS The IHBC’s ‘areas of competence’, and their underpinning ‘competences’ provide an outline of the skills, knowledge and experience required to fulfill the requirements of institute membership. Prospective members are advised to refer to the institute’s current guidance for applicants, Membership Standards, Criteria and Guidelines (2008) which is posted on our website’s membership pages – see www.ihbc.org.uk/join/ page29/index.html. The following provides a brief summary of the principal headings: AREA OF COMPETENCE Professional 1 Philosophy Appreciation of the social, cultural, political, aesthetic, economic and environmental values that underpin current conservation policy and practice 2 Practice Awareness of the wider context of conservation, including knowledge of and ability to interact effectively with all bodies and individuals who have a significant role to play in the field AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Evaluation 3 History Knowledge of the development of the historic environment including the remains of previous periods and cultures, historic buildings and settlements, works of engineering, parks, gardens and other elements of the historic landscape 4 Research/Recording/Analysis Ability to carry out or commission research, analysis and recording of the historic environment, and to maintain records accordingly AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Management 5 Legislation/Policy Knowledge of the legislative and policy framework for the conservation of the historic environment, its formulation locally and nationally, and awareness of other relevant legislation and policies 6 Finance/Economics Understanding of the process for the procuring of buildings and facilitating development, including finance, valuation, cost planning and contracts, with specific reference to historic buildings and areas AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Intervention 7 Design/Presentation Ability to analyse and evaluate quality of design, existing and proposed, of buildings and areas, and to present the results of such analysis in a way understandable to both professional and lay audiences 8 Technology Knowledge of building construction of all periods, the characteristics of structures, the nature and properties of building materials and appropriate methods of repair and alteration of historic fabric. IHBC CODE OF CONDUCT The object of the IHBC Code of Conduct is to promote those standards of conduct and selfdiscipline required of a member of the Institute of Historic Building Conservation in the interests of the public and the protection of the built heritage. The main object of the institute is the promotion, for the benefit of the public, of the conservation of, and education and training in, the conservation and preservation of buildings, structures, areas, gardens and landscapes which are of architectural and historical interest and/or value in the United Kingdom. This heritage, which is part of society’s common heritage and which should be available to everyone, is, however, a limited and irreplaceable resource. It is therefore the duty of all members to act for and to promote its protection. Subscription to the IHBC’s Code of Conduct for individuals involved in the conservation and preservation of the built heritage assumes acceptance of these responsibilities. Those who subscribe to it and carry out its provisions will thereby be identified as persons professing specific standards of competence, responsibility and ethical behaviour in the pursuit of historic environment conservation work. This code indicates the general standard of conduct to which members of the institute are expected to adhere, failing which its governing body may judge them guilty of conduct unbecoming to a member of the institute and may reprimand, suspend or expel them. IHBC CODE OF CONDUCT For full details see www.ihbc.org.uk/ resources/A4-Codeof-Conduct.pdf
REVIEW IHBC South West Branch members visiting the former HM Prison Gloucester with Richard Collis of Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios, the practice tasked with its conversion to residential units (Photo: Jonathan Taylor)
R E V I E W 15 CHAIR’S REVIEW MIKE BROWN, IHBC CHAIR Last year was a most invigorating one with many far-reaching changes enacted and proposed both within the institute and across the sector. This year promises more hard work for our national office and our volunteer base. Very significant change surrounds us with the continuing loss of public sector provision. Yet, through it all, the institute has continued to grow in stature and recognition as the bastion of professional standards and an open-minded catalyst for reform within a system increasingly exposed as being broken through lack of investment. In May, the people spoke and heritage slid further down the political agenda at Westminster. Given the oft-reported public support for heritage, one is left to conclude that this is a consequence of the peculiar priorities within the Westminster village. The 2015 survey of local planning authority conservation capacity carried out by our national office and published in Heritage Counts showed a continuing decline. Some 15 per cent of LPAs are now unable to demonstrate any credible in-house or boughtin heritage expertise to inform their decision-making, a clear consequence of the 35 per cent cuts to conservation service capacity documented by the IHBC since 2006. I am driven to question the validity of local choice when it is used in this way to potentially harm assets of national importance. Even the Local Government Association has begun to express concern at this abuse. For the institute, the consequent question of this decline in public sector help and guidance must be: if not that, then what? Our charitable aims demand that we bend every sinew to ensure that decisions taken at every level of the care of our national heritage are well-informed, viable and sustainable. If the public purse can no longer provide, then who will? This is a vexed question for many owners of listed buildings and other assets who find that the phone at the town hall is no longer picked up (or if it is, it is by a clerk or planner who has to explain that there is no longer a conservation officer on the staff). Abandoned, owners have to fend for themselves. With no tax or other financial support they are left with the bald choice of muddling through or paying for heritage advice. This can only deepen the historical misconception that heritage is a burden. The institute has risen to this challenge by forging new partnerships with owners’ organisations, archaeology bodies, the Historic Environment Forum and its equivalents and the national advisory bodies, seeking new ways of filling this missing capacity. The Culture White Paper has provided a platform for tabling new demand and supply proposals that aim, in the shortterm, to bridge the gap and, in the longer term, recast the protection system so that it works in a more effective way and is better able to meet the needs of all ‘customers’. While the Welsh Heritage Bill is not what was originally hoped for, perhaps it can show something of what reform can bring. Happily, the institute has continued to grow, both in members and in capacity. Fears about the consequences of the recession on our membership roll have not materialised, perhaps because in such tough times it is all the more important to demonstrate your professional standing. The governance reforms developed by Trefor Thorpe, our now pastpresident, (and I pause to welcome David McDonald, his successor) were adopted at the AGM in Norwich and immediately put into action at the first Council+ meeting in June. This enlarged and more democratic base for our deliberations, which is drawn from our branch membership, met again recently and I am heartened to see the enthusiasm and commitment of the participants. I look around the room and see so many potential future trustees, office-holders and, who knows, chairs of our institute. For this is my third and, by tradition, last year as your chair. It has been wonderful. I am so proud of this institute and the hard work and commitment of our national office and the countless volunteers who make it all work. We are that rare thing, run on a shoestring, yet making a big impression; managed by volunteers yet readily achieving the highest professional standards; charged with a conservation ethos yet willing to embrace radical change when necessary. The vocational spirit lives on through us. Mike Brown, email@example.com
16 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 6 THE IHBC COMES OF AGE SEÁN O’REILLY, IHBC DIRECTOR Last year the IHBC came of age, in corporate terms, as we turned 18. Maturity must be our principal watchword now and we must take ever more responsibility in responding to the needs of our people: members, colleagues and all other interests in the built and historic environment. Last year the institute adopted CP20, its corporate plan for 20152020. Among many other threads, it recognises the ways in which more people-oriented governance could add capacity and enhance our sustainability and viability. This frames the corporate exploration of our IHBC+ programme (discussed below). The institute also secured more capacity to help our greatest resource, the institute’s network of volunteers and members. During 2015, our new Learning, Education, Training and Standards (LETS) Officer, Kate Kendall, journeyed throughout the UK to offer guidance and support to the IHBC’s branches as they helped the conservation professionals of the future, whether affiliates or nonmembers, to compile their applications for full membership. Trustees also agreed increased funds for our branches. Even more importantly, we identified resources to appoint a new junior officer to help Kate. Other recent investments ranged even more widely in their focus on people. They include bursaries and financial support targeted at helping members in need as well as improved corporate images, including new-look branding online. We have also invested in more structured sponsoring of partner events, tied either to reduced rates for members or profile-raising for the IHBC’s quality assurance and accreditation, and of course the IHBC and BSI co-branded copy of BS 7913: Guide to the Conservation of Historic Buildings. The British Standard is uniquely valuable in today’s working environments, as we see the holistic, interdisciplinary conservation priorities of our members so regularly side-lined in narrow, agenda-driven policies. We have also developed our corporate plan, CP20, as a way to add capacity to the only resource that ultimately matters in conservation: people. In CP20 we take responsibility for generating capacity ourselves by engaging new audiences and reaching new sectors, even as we confront the huge challenges faced by our members. But to help demonstrate how our ambitions can be realised, before looking to a future plan we might usefully summarise some key achievements from our recently concluded 2010-15 Corporate Plan. HELPING PEOPLE Our website has seen a 15-fold user increase to 450,000 monthly visits from 30,000 in July 2010. Our digital networks have also expanded 15-fold to beyond 10,000. In education and training, we launched the Marsh Awards scheme to promote community contributions and conservation learning at all levels. A suite of non-specialist online training resources – SelfStarter (formerly WebStarter) – is available on the IHBC website and is free to use for members and non-members alike. HELPING CONSERVATION Annual school training in 2010–2015 reached some 1,000 delegates, and that’s before we count its outreach to readers of the school edition of Context. Further contributions to the cause and practice of conservation include: • a new open-access practicebased guidance and standards resource, the IHBC’s ‘Toolbox’, which includes our Research and Guidance Notes • the annual Gus Astley Student Awards, which celebrate students and engage practitioners at the highest level, including judges such as Prof Jukka Jokilehto and Prof May Cassar • a programme of free UK-wide events that offers guidance on member applications • a national occupational standard for conservation and related vocational qualifications • consolidation of our course recognition scheme • piloting our work-based learning programme for non-heritage specialist practitioners – the ‘TeamStarter’.
R E V I E W 17 HELPING CONSERVATION SPECIALISTS Membership of the institute is steady at around 2,200 despite the destabilising economic and policy environments. We continue to offer financial support for members in need, covering fees and training. We introduced the new associate membership level, which accredits conservation in a single generic area of practice, and renewed the professional indemnity partnership scheme. Members of HESPR, our dedicated support for conservation businesses, now enjoy enhanced benefits including access to a regular listing of tenders and one free job advert a year. PLANNING AHEAD CP20 encapsulates our future plan, including business, research, advocacy, operational development and more. The strand headed by IHBC+ summarises how we will secure the longer-term sustainability of the institute through supporting our members. As such, IHBC+ lies at the heart of CP20, tying it together by focussing on people: our members, in the first instance, as our fee-paying ‘clients and customers’; as volunteers too, as they support our work and serve as advocates and ambassadors; and finally as advisers who guide our development and progress. In these terms we are already moving forward under CP20 with strong foundations: • IHBC+ is extending our reach outside our core membership while empowering members by encouraging them to be more active • Council+ offers opportunities for those who are not full members to get involved in our planning and strategic development • our committees have been encouraged to appoint more vice chairs with specific portfolios or responsibilities to encourage proactive volunteering, more flexible learning opportunities and wider engagement as they continuing our ‘peripatetic’ agenda by meeting local members in their local branches • branches are receiving more funds and additional personnel support to encourage them to adopt and adapt the most useful lessons of these new arrangements • members will find it easier to engage with our work, and use it for CPD purposes, as we build more systems to formally recognise their contributions. If this brief outline seems a little short on detail, perhaps an easier way to capture the potential of their ‘people power’ is through the example of Council+. Council+ is a new national platform introduced to generate more diverse and informed input to the board of trustees than our AGM can offer. It also serves as an accessible training ground for future volunteers, whether as trustees, with their strategic management priorities, or as national committee or branch chairs and vice chairs, with their more operational interests. In 2015 we had two pilot meetings of Council+, the first at the annual school in Norwich and the second before Christmas. At the former, members gave up their Sundays to discuss IHBC and Council+. The point then was less the content than the people. Around the table an uncommon diversity of players and current – and, no doubt, future – leaders explored what they considered important to their careers and for their representative body. They also heard much more about how the IHBC operates, meeting officers and hearing about their roles. Our second meeting got down to more of the brass tacks of the profession as we: • reviewed outcomes from and responses to the previous meeting to ensure continuity of purpose • learned how prejudices against age, gender and sector could generate barriers to progress for careers and the IHBC • commended the new volunteers who are helping to promote the IHBC as an educational resource and a membership body • explored how to generate better connections • and sought answers to some of the ‘great inscrutables’ of our day, including diminishing capacity, minimal training opportunities and irregular career paths. Council+ members emphasised that dwelling on the difficult or even tragic isn’t always the best way to respond to unfortunate aspects of the present. Rather we must recognise, acknowledge and affirm the positive, the opportunities and the potential. Such attitudes reflect the institute’s ever-increasing confidence and maturity, affirming an ethos that we will take through 2016 and beyond. In that spirit it is surely right to celebrate here our coming of age as the IHBC enters the next stage of what looks set to be a long and successful life. Seán O’Reilly, firstname.lastname@example.org The first pilot meeting of Council+, held at the 2015 annual school in Norwich.
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R E V I E W 19 HERITAGE AND VALUE HENRY RUSSELL Heritage is generally defined as inherited resources which have more than their mere utility value. In the UK, this has conventionally meant the nearly 500,000 listed buildings and scheduled monuments selected for protection by experts. But increasingly the historic environment is seen as having value ascribed by people and communities and not just the heritage experts. People are therefore integral to our appreciation and enjoyment of heritage. Since the publication of English Heritage’s report Power of Place: The Future of the Historic Environment in 2000, concepts of heritage have been changing and widening as people consider the area in which they live to be important to them and therefore a part of their heritage. This yearbook offers a series of articles on the theme of heritage, communities and people. In ‘The Case for Incentives’ Donovan Rypkema considers how building owners can be encouraged to maintain their historic buildings. A specialist in the economics of heritage, he looks at five tools which he argues are the essence of protecting heritage and considers how effective they are. He comes to the conclusion – perhaps not surprisingly – that the carrot of incentives combined with appropriate restrictions is more effective than using the stick of regulation as the only tool. For listed building owners, the principal and overriding value of their property is the financial one. The carrot is needed where there is a gap between the cost of repairing a historic building and its market value, where cost exceeds value. We speak of ‘conservation deficit’ to mean the same thing. In the United States there is a system of rehabilitation tax credits which has worked successfully for 30 years and still makes a net return to the federal government. In the UK, VAT relief on most works to listed buildings was removed in 2012. That needs to be reconsidered and tax credits on the US model might offer a way forward. A carrot indeed. Dave Chetwyn and Gerry Proctor also provide fresh insights into how the conservation deficit can be addressed, this time at the larger scale of the post-industrial urban neighbourhood and by drawing on people-power at the community level. Their article deals with the Baltic Triangle neighbourhood development proposals in Liverpool. Dave Chetwyn works in community planning and the historic environment and Gerry Proctor has been chair of Engage Liverpool for the last ten years. They argue that neighbourhood planning will change the culture of planning by bringing in a strong community element, and by extension the related values of community to their local area. Community buy-in to neighbourhood planning brings local expertise and knowledge to the process. Successful development has integrated historic buildings which in turn has led to an increase in property values, thus reducing the gap or conservation deficit. Even when the advantages appear to be a ‘no-brainer’ though, engaging individuals and communities in conservation isn’t always straightforward. Arguably, sometimes a little push is needed. Nudge theory has been in the news recently, foregrounded by the work of the Cabinet Office’s Behavioural Insights Team. ‘Nudging’ involves influencing people’s decision-making through sophisticated and gentle encouragement. In his article on the subject, Andrew McClelland looks at the conceptual underpinning and academic theory behind it. There is some debate over what constitutes a nudge. Arguably it is something that the advertising and marketing industries have been doing since their A converted late 19th-century warehouse in the heart of Liverpool’s Baltic Triangle (Photo: Simon Godley)
20 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 6 inception – encouraging us to buy or use a product by making it seem the easiest option. Now the same methods are being applied in a wide range of fields including health, wellbeing, social action and philanthropy. Can we safely assume that nudges are good, but behaviour manipulation is bad? Don’t they use the same techniques? McClelland concludes by suggesting that the historic environment sector could deploy nudging in its efforts to encourage people to get involved with their local communities and heritage. Sarah McLeod’s article ‘Care in the Community’ showcases some of the startling possibilities that open up when people do decide to get involved in caring for their local heritage. She recounts how the building preservation trust movement has developed and changed since the 1990s. The revolving trust model which was then common has now largely been replaced by the single property trust because full grant aid is more difficult to secure. Single property trusts can become embedded in the local community and can act as a catalyst to celebrate cultural diversity and champion social cohesion. Government and local authorities will be disposing of large chunks of real estate over the next few years. Many of these may not appeal to commercial developers, so a thriving building preservation trust community needs to be ready to take on new challenges. Sarah MacLeod makes the point that BPTs work most effectively where they cooperate with other community bodies – harnessing ‘people power’. She gives some shining examples of how BPTs can galvanise communities into action and support local heritage. A common thread of all the following articles is the value of heritage to communities. Local heritage often has a set of values which is not recognised by current law and policy. The MORI poll carried out for Power of Place (2000) revealed that people valued key elements of their own localities as much as national monuments. They identified strongly with their local streets and buildings – at least as much as with the formal heritage. Ipsos MORI (as it now is) carried out research into perceptions of beauty for CABE in 2010. Beauty is often a rude word in architecture, but the research elicited some interesting responses about value and the built environment. Beauty is often realised through memories and connections and not just the visual senses. A research project in Sheffield, for example, identified Hillsborough Stadium and the road to Meadowhall as having beauty. These perceptions can be very personal: The road to Meadowhall isn’t particularly attractive but it’s not run down either… it’s just factories, which you wouldn’t expect to be aesthetically pleasing. What’s important about that area is the fact it’s where Sheffield’s history is based. There’s one building I always go past, where there are structures either side of the road and a bridge linking the two. You drive through and just think ‘Oh my gosh, this is where my family worked years ago, this is the old steel works, this is amazing’. I don’t think of it as ugly, I think of it as really nice, because it’s a piece of Sheffield we’ll never get back. This broader definition of heritage is reflected in a paper by Maeve Marmion, Stephen Calver and Keith Wilkes (see Further Information) which looked at the meaning and values of heritage in the widest sense. Sense of place is an important component of heritage, but for reasons other than the conventional heritage values. One respondent to the research, describing Wembley Stadium, said: Sport, English history, like football history… I know it [Wembley] has been used for other things… but it’s something a lot of people can relate to… like everyone looks forward to the FA Cup… every year… not just in this country but worldwide. Local heritage is frequently bound up with the idea of personal identity, security and belonging and for many Hotel Monaco (1839), Washington DC was converted to a hotel in 2002 with the aid of the Federal Rehabilitation Tax Credit Program. It was originally the General Post Office and Tariff Building. (Photo: Donovan Rypkema)ihbc.org.uk