IHBC Yearbook 2017

The home of the conservation professional INSTITUTE OF HISTORIC BUILDING CONSERVATION YEARBOOK2017


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3 CONTENTS THE INSTITUTE OF HISTORIC BUILDING CONSERVATION www.ihbc.org.uk Registered as a charity in England and Wales number 1061593 and in Scotland number SC041945 Company Limited by Guarantee Registered in England number 3333780 REGISTERED AND BUSINESS OFFICE Jubilee House, High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 01747 873133 Fax 01747 871718 Email admin@ihbc.org.uk DIRECTOR’S OFFICE Tel 0131 558 3671 Email director@ihbc.org.uk The institute cannot accept responsibility for the acts or omissions of any Member, Associate, Affiliate or HESPR company and accordingly the institute shall not be liable for any loss or damage or other matter arising from the employment or engagement of any member. IHBC YEARBOOK We gratefully acknowledge the support of firms whose advertisements appear throughout this publication. While every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this Yearbook is current and correct, neither the IHBC nor the publisher can be held responsible for any errors or omissions which may occur. All rights reserved. The title of the IHBC Yearbook is and shall remain the absolute property of the institute. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recordings, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the institute. This 2017 edition has been prepared for the Communications & Outreach Committee by the IHBC National Office with the help of Cathedral Communications Limited. For additional copies of the IHBC Yearbook please contact the IHBC Business Office, Tel 01747 873133. EDITOR David Boulting COVER ILLUSTRATIONS Front cover: View of Canal Basin, Castlefield, Manchester (Photo: iStock.com/George Standen) Back cover, main illustration: The Grade II* Midland Hotel, Peter Street, Manchester, 1898–1903 by Charles Trubshaw (Photo: Katie Wray) The IHBC Yearbook is published and produced by Cathedral Communications Limited, High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 01747 871717 Fax 01747 871718 Email ihbc@cathcomm.co.uk www.buildingconservation.com Copyright 2017 Cathedral Communications Limited ISBN 978 1 900915 85 4 What is the IHBC? 4 Foreword Ros Kerslake 5 STRUCTURE AND MEMBERSHIP Structure of the IHBC 6 Elected and appointed officers 7 Branch contacts 8 Membership of the IHBC 10 REVIEW Introduction David McDonald 15 Chair’s review James Caird 16 Experimental evolution Seán O’Reilly 17 Heritage perspectives on infrastructure Dave Proudlove 21 Conserving historic harbours Hilary Wyatt 25 The Dublin Principles Paul McMahon 31 Wall insulation and moisture risk Colin King 35 Integrating conservation in multi-disciplinary consultancies Jennifer Murgatroyd 39 DIRECTORY HESPR companies 44 Sector services and benefits 45 Directory of members 46 USEFUL INFORMATION Education, training and standards Bridget Turnbull and Seán O’Reilly 83 IHBC-recognised courses 85 Courses and events 87 National organisations 91 Local authority contacts 93 Products and services 98 Advertisers index 104

4 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 7 WHAT IS THE IHBC? The Institute of Historic Building Conservation is the principal body in the United Kingdom representing professionals and specialists involved in the conservation and preservation of the built and historic environment. Our members include architects, architectural historians and researchers, conservation officers in central and local government, planners, surveyors, structural engineers and other specialist practitioners, including curators, conservators and craftspeople. The benefits of membership include: ! news updates (NewsBlogs) ! Context, IHBC’s journal ! IHBCYearbook ! The Building Conservation Directory and other conservation publications from Cathedral Communications ! events: reduced rates and priority access (as applicable) ! job notices (IHBC Jobs etc) ! technical support and guidance ! national, regional and web-based advice and advisory panels ! tax relief on subscriptions (incomerelated) ! access to business support and listings including (for full members) membership of IHBC’s Historic Environment Service Providers Recognition (HESPR) scheme (see page 44) ! guidance on project development ! career advice and support ! training and CPD events, including IHBC annual schools ! networking opportunities, including local branches ! participation and CPD opportunities in panels and groups ! access to advocacy and lobbying ! participation in supporting IHBC’s wider public services: - web-based resources - sector consultations service - volunteering opportunities - awards (IHBC Gus Astley Student Award and Marsh Awards) - partnerships across built sector interests. The institute’s charitable purpose is to promote for the benefit of the public: ! the conservation and enhancement of the historic environment in the United Kingdom (including offshore islands) ! the highest standards of professional skills in this field ! the education and training of professionals and specialists responsible for such work. The IHBC’s operations are planned in accordance with the three objects listed in its current Corporate Plan (see website for details): ! helping people by promoting the conservation and management of historic places as a unique and evolving resource for people, both today and in the future ! helping conservation by supporting specialists, specialisms and specialist interests across all conservation-related activities, because effective conservation demands skilled care ! helping conservation specialists by supporting, encouraging and challenging IHBC members and prospective members, because conservation specialists work most effectively with coordination, advice, inspiration and scrutiny provided by an informed professional body.

5 FOREWORD I’m delighted to have been asked to provide the foreword to this 2017 edition of the IHBC Yearbook which explores the important theme of local and national infrastructure, and the skills required for its conservation and regeneration. In this country we are blessed with many different types of infrastructure, much of it dating from the Industrial Revolution. One example, the rail network, is still largely in use very much for its original purpose, carrying people and goods around the country. The canal and waterways system, however, has been reborn as a key part of our leisure activity and, in some places, as a focus for residential and commercial development. Changes in technology and use, together with a reduction in manufacturing, have meant that the need for buildings associated with our infrastructure – mills, warehouses and docks, for example – has been reduced. However, industrial sites can possess a latent power in terms of supporting regeneration as a major driver for growth and change. Formerly a derelict railway workshop, the distinctive Derby Roundhouse, for example, is now celebrated as a landmark within the city and as a prime example of the creative reuse of an industrial building. It now provides a home for Derby College, with the Roundhouse at its centre, accessible to students and the wider public for the first time. Through financial investment and supportive partnerships, these disused and at-risk buildings have now found a new purpose. In Portsmouth, Boathouse 4 in the heart of the historic dockyard has become the home of the International Boatbuilding Training College. Built during the rearmament drive of the 1930s, the vast building now supports the development of a range of traditional skills that will ensure the survival of the UK’s maritime heritage, from small private craft to the nearby HMS Victory. Guaranteeing a future for these buildings by sensitively adapting them to new uses is, of course, possible only with the participation of skilled conservation professionals. HLF is a key advocate for building skills capacity across the full breadth of the heritage sector and endorses the work being done by IHBC to develop further online learning resources and enhance its relationships with conservation course providers. The heritage sector also relies on a vital and energetic human infrastructure comprising of a network of organisations and the conservation professionals they train and support. The articles which follow bring the scale and scope of this work sharply into focus and show too the challenging nature of the environment in which it is carried out. Approaching the theme of infrastructure from very different directions, the articles also give a sense of how far the subject extends beyond conventional associations with transport and industry. At a time when public awareness of the country’s infrastructure is high and government is showing an increasing interest in the nation’s industrial potential, this is a fitting moment to consider how we protect and safeguard the best of our historic examples and to explore the topics and themes contained in this publication. Ros Kerslake OBE Chief Executive Heritage Lottery Fund The Derby Roundhouse, part of a complex of nationally significant railway workshops which have been converted for use by Derby College and the wider public

6 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 7 STRUCTURE OF THE IHBC Yorkshire Matt Bentley yorkshire@ihbc.org.uk Scotland Paul Zochowski scotland@ihbc.org.uk South Julia Foster south@ihbc.org.uk South East Sanne Roberts southeast@ihbc.org.uk South West (Vacant) southwest@ihbc.org.uk Wales John Edwards wales@ihbc.org.uk West Midlands (Vacant) westmids@ihbc.org.uk FINANCE& RESOURCES COMMITTEE Treasurer and Committee Chair Richard Morrice secretary@ihbc.org.uk Chair of Council James Caird chair@ihbc.org.uk PRESIDENT David McDonald president@ihbc.org.uk CHAIR James Caird chair@ihbc.org.uk B R A N C H C O U N C I L M E M B E R S B R A N C H C O U N C I L M E M B E R S SECRETARY Jo Evans ihbcsecretary@ihbc.org.uk Administrator Lydia Porter admin@ihbc.org.uk EDUCATIONTRAINING & STANDARDS COMMITTEE Education Secretary and Committee Chair Bridget Turnbull education@ihbc.org.uk COMMUNICATIONS & OUTREACH COMMITTEE Communications & Outreach Secretary and Committee Chair Dave Chetwyn communications@ihbc.org.uk Editorial Board Chair Mike Taylor editorial@ihbc.org.uk MEMBERSHIP & ETHICS COMMITTEE Membership Secretary and Committee Chair David Kincaid membership@ihbc.org.uk NOTES Red text indicates voting posts of council except where currently held by prospective (acting) officers. Other officers can attend council as required. For further details of the regional branch contacts see map on page 8. For contact details of all others please refer to the directory of members on page 46. POLICY COMMITTEE Policy Secretary and Committee Chair Roy Lewis policy@ihbc.org.uk Government Liaison Secretary Bob Kindred government@ihbc.org.uk East Midlands Roy Lewis eastmids@ihbc.org.uk London Sheila Stones london@ihbc.org.uk North (Vacant) north@ihbc.org.uk Northern Ireland Jill Kerry northernireland@ihbc.org.uk North West Crispin Edwards northwest@ihbc.org.uk East Anglia (Vacant) eastanglia@ihbc.org.uk Projects Officer Fiona Newton projects@ihbc.org.uk Learning, Education, Training&Standards Officer Kate Kendall lets@ihbc.org.uk Membership Services Officer Carmen Moran membershipservices@ihbc.org.uk DIRECTOR Seán O‘Reilly director@ihbc.org.uk IHBC NATIONAL OFFICE VICE CHAIR Kathryn Davies vchair@ihbc.org.uk VICE PRESIDENT Mike Brown vicepresident@ihbc.org.uk Branch & Events Support Officer Carla Pianese bes@ihbc.org.uk COUNCIL

7 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P BRIDGET TURNBULL, EDUCATION SECRETARY started working with historic buildings as a thatcher’s labourer and is now a freelance heritage consultant. In between she spent over 30 years working in local government specialising in the historic environment, regeneration project management and conservation training. She set up the IHBC’s Team Starter training programme in Aberdeen. education@ihbc.org.uk ROY LEWIS, POLICY SECRETARY is a chartered town planner who has specialised in architectural conservation and urban design throughout his career. He has held planning and conservation posts in local government, ran an undergraduate conservation programme at the University of Derby and is currently a director of Grover Lewis Associates Ltd, a specialist town planning and built heritage consultancy. He has been the East Midlands Branch Representative since 2006 and for a number of years represented the IHBC on the Urban Design Alliance. policy@ihbc.org.uk DAVE CHETWYN, COMMUNICATIONS AND OUTREACH SECRETARY is managing director/partner of Urban Vision Enterprise CIC, a Design Council built environment expert, associate of the Consultation Institute and member of the board of directors of the National Planning Forum. Previous roles include chair of the Historic Towns Forum, head of Planning Aid England, chair of IHBC and team leader in local government. communications@ihbc.org.uk DAVID KINCAID, MEMBERSHIP SECRETARY was the conservation team leader at Canterbury until retirement in August 2013. He was responsible for a wide range of projects including conservation area management, listed building and area grant schemes, and world heritage site management. Prior to this he worked for 14 years in South Yorkshire on a range of regeneration and urban design projects. He was IHBC policy secretary between 2013 and 2016. membership@ihbc.org.uk ELECTED and APPOINTED OFFICERS DAVID McDONALD, PRESIDENT is an independent historic environment consultant specialising in providing heritage training for other built environment professionals. He formerly led the Conservation and Design Team at the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. He is the IHBC’s representative at The Heritage Alliance and is a member of the Victorian Society’s Southern Buildings Committee. president@ihbc.org.uk JAMES CAIRD, CHAIR is a retired chartered architect and town planner whose career included posts in the public, private and voluntary sectors. He was director of planning at South Shropshire District Council (1985– 2006) and has contributed throughout his career to professional practice in heritage for the IHBC and other professional institutes and bodies. chair@ihbc.org.uk KATHRYN DAVIES, VICE CHAIR is a heritage and planning consultant with over 30 years’ experience, principally in the public sector. She worked first in local authorities in planning and conservation and latterly with English Heritage/Historic England where she worked with historic buildings and areas and then ran the historic places team in the South East. Engaging communities in understanding the significance of the historic environment was a major focus of this work. vchair@ihbc.org.uk RICHARD MORRICE, TREASURER is an architectural historian, a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and chairman of Canterbury DAC. Formerly an inspector of historic buildings, he is senior heritage protection reform advisor with Historic England. treasurer@ihbc.org.uk JO EVANS, SECRETARY is an associate director at WYG Environment, Planning and Transport and has held a number of conservation posts in local authorities in Surrey and Hampshire. She was chair of the IHBC from 2010 to 2013. Prior to that she was the membership secretary and the chair of the Membership & Ethics Committee, following on from holding posts on branch and other national committees. ihbcsecretary@ihbc.org.uk The post-holders shown are correct at the time of printing but are subject to change. For the latest information please see www.ihbc.org.uk/page63/index.html


9 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P WALES (ALL ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS) wales@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: JOHN EDWARDS WEST MIDLANDS (HEREFORDSHIRE, WORCESTERSHIRE, SHROPSHIRE, STAFFORDSHIRE, WARWICKSHIRE AND WEST MIDLANDS) westmids@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: Vacant YORKSHIRE (ALL YORKSHIRE COUNTIES) yorkshire@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: MATT BENTLEY OVERSEAS MEMBERS (ALL COUNTRIES) membership@ihbc.org.uk Acting Membership Secretary: DAVID KINCAID SOUTH (BERKSHIRE, BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, CHANNEL ISLANDS, HAMPSHIRE, ISLE OF WIGHT AND OXFORDSHIRE) south@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: JULIA FOSTER SOUTH EAST (EAST SUSSEX, KENT, SURREY AND WEST SUSSEX) southeast@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: SANNE ROBERTS SOUTH WEST (CORNWALL, DEVON, DORSET, GLOUCESTERSHIRE, SCILLY ISLANDS, SOMERSET AND WILTSHIRE) southwest@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: Vacant NORTH (CLEVELAND, CUMBRIA, DURHAM, NORTHUMBERLAND AND TYNE AND WEAR) north@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: Vacant NORTH WEST (CHESHIRE, GREATER MANCHESTER, ISLE OF MAN, LANCASHIRE AND MERSEYSIDE) northwest@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: CRISPIN EDWARDS NORTHERN IRELAND (ALL COUNTIES) northernireland@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: JILL KERRY SCOTLAND (ALL ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS AND ISLANDS) scotland@ihbc.org.uk Branch contact: PAUL ZOCHOWSKI NB: Branch email queries are managed by branch committees – for full details see branch pages on the website IHBC.org.uk

10 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 7 MEMBERSHIP OF THE IHBC The institute offers membership to all those who care for or about the built and historic environment, and our members are drawn from many disciplines. They include, among many other practitioners, architects, town planners, building surveyors, estate managers, structural engineers, landscape architects, curators, buildings and project managers, archaeologists, architectural historians, local authority conservation officers, officers from national conservation organisations, academics and private practitioners. Membership of the institute is aimed at being inclusive rather than exclusive, but all categories of membership require the observance of our Code of Conduct (see page 12). There are three categories of membership available: Full membership of the institute represents conservation accreditation open to all whose principal skill, expertise, training and employment is in providing specialist advice in the conservation of the built and historic environment. Full members have demonstrated to the IHBC their skills, knowledge and experience as interdisciplinary conservation specialists able to offer advice in line with national and international standards and models in conservation and project management. As such, full members are normally expected to demonstrate skills and experience in line with and across the institute’s four areas of competence (see page 12) while significant skills in one or more areas may be seen to outweigh weaknesses in one of the other areas. Anybody who satisfies these requirements and has at least five years’ relevant experience would normally be considered eligible for full membership. For those who have gained a qualification from a conservation course that has full recognition from the institute (see page 85) the necessary period of relevant experience required is reduced from five years to two years. The third IHBC Council+ Day, which was held in Derby in May 2016 as part of a wider programme to engage younger and early career members in the strategic development of the institute

11 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P Associate membership represents conservation accreditation awarded to practitioners who have demonstrated to the IHBC their specialist skills, knowledge and experience in conservation relating to their primary area of practice. Affiliate membership is available for those who have not yet demonstrated to council the criteria for full membership, but wish eventually to gain accreditation from the IHBC. Retired members are those accredited members (full or associate) who have retired from practice. FEE SUPPORT Membership is available at concessionary rates for those who are on low wages. Members of any category who make a case that they could benefit from fee support due to low wage or part-time work or other relevant reasons may be eligible for further reductions. All forms of concessionary membership last only for the subscription year in which they are agreed. Retired This form of membership allows a reduced subscription rate for existing members who are retired from practice but wish to remain in contact with the institute. Those wishing to apply for this form of membership should write to the membership services officer confirming that they are no longer practising conservation. Libraries This is a form of subscribing membership where an organisation, rather than an individual, may access our services and benefits. Those wishing to apply for this form of membership should contact the membership secretary who will advise them of the subscription rate applicable. All members have the right to receive notices, literature and Context. The Membership & Ethics committee, subject to the approval of council, will decide on eligibility for and category of membership. All membership information is kept on a computer database and names and addresses can be used for mailing of appropriate information to members subject to stated preferences on the membership application form and careful control by officers. To apply for membership please see www.ihbc.org.uk/join/index.html MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTIONS 2017 Subscriptions are due annually on 1 April and can be paid by direct debit, credit/debit card or by cheque (made payable to the Institute of Historic Building Conservation). Members, affiliates and associates £116 per annum Concessionary rate £58 per annum (available to those with an annual income below £17,500, subject to proof of income and renewed annually) Retired members £58 per annum Fee support If you are having difficulty meeting the cost of our membership fees you can apply for fee support (www.ihbc.org.uk/join/feesupport/index.html). Successful applicants typically have their fees reduced by 75–100 per cent of the full rate. An IHBC East Midlands branch training event with Phillip Gaches in 2016 (Photo: Fiona Newton) IHBC membership currently stands at 2,417, of which 1,120 are full members. Over half (53%) now work in the private sector, and a quarter are employed by local government departments. IHBC MEMBERS BY EMPLOYMENT SECTOR Education sector Miscellaneous Unknown Students Third sector 7% National government 8% Private sector 53% Not employed Local government 25% NOTE These figures exclude 250 members who have retired and are no longer seeking work.

12 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 7 AREAS OF COMPETENCE PROFESSIONAL PRACTICAL Evaluation Management Intervention 1 Philosophy 3 History 5 Legislation and policy 7 Design and presentation 2 Practice 4 Research, recording and analysis 6 Finance and economics 8 Technology The eight IHBC competences AREAS OF COMPETENCE AND COMPETENCES FOR IHBC MEMBERS The IHBC’s ‘areas of competence’, and their underpinning ‘competences’ provide an outline of the skills, knowledge and experience needed to fulfill the requirements of accredited membership of the institute. Prospective members are advised to refer to the institute’s current guidance for applicants, Membership Standards, Criteria and Guidelines (2008) which is posted on our website’s membership pages – see www.ihbc.org.uk/join/ page29/index.html. The following provides a brief summary of the principal headings: AREA OF COMPETENCE Professional 1 Philosophy Appreciation of the social, cultural, political, aesthetic, economic and environmental values that underpin current conservation policy and practice 2 Practice Awareness of the wider context of conservation, including knowledge of and ability to interact effectively with all bodies and individuals who have a significant role to play in the field AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Evaluation 3 History Knowledge of the development of the historic environment including the remains of previous periods and cultures, historic buildings and settlements, works of engineering, parks, gardens and other elements of the historic landscape 4 Research/Recording/Analysis Ability to carry out or commission research, analysis and recording of the historic environment, and to maintain records accordingly AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Management 5 Legislation/Policy Knowledge of the legislative and policy framework for the conservation of the historic environment, its formulation locally and nationally, and awareness of other relevant legislation and policies 6 Finance/Economics Understanding of the process for the procuring of buildings and facilitating development, including finance, valuation, cost planning and contracts, with specific reference to historic buildings and areas AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Intervention 7 Design/Presentation Ability to analyse and evaluate quality of design, existing and proposed, of buildings and areas, and to present the results of such analysis in a way understandable to both professional and lay audiences 8 Technology Knowledge of building construction of all periods, the characteristics of structures, the nature and properties of building materials and appropriate methods of repair and alteration of historic fabric. IHBC CODE OF CONDUCT The object of the IHBC Code of Conduct is to promote those standards of conduct and selfdiscipline required of a member of the Institute of Historic Building Conservation in the interests of the public and the protection of the built heritage. The main object of the institute is the promotion, for the benefit of the public, of the conservation of, and education and training in, the conservation and preservation of buildings, structures, areas, gardens and landscapes which are of architectural and historical interest and/or value in the United Kingdom. This heritage, which is part of society’s common heritage and which should be available to everyone, is, however, a limited and irreplaceable resource. It is therefore the duty of all members to act for and to promote its protection. Subscription to the IHBC’s Code of Conduct for individuals involved in the conservation and preservation of the built heritage assumes acceptance of these responsibilities. Those who subscribe to it and carry out its provisions will thereby be identified as persons professing specific standards of competence, responsibility and ethical behaviour in the pursuit of historic environment conservation work. This code indicates the general standard of conduct to which members of the institute are expected to adhere, failing which its governing body may judge them guilty of conduct unbecoming to a member of the institute and may reprimand, suspend or expel them. IHBC CODE OF CONDUCT For full details see www.ihbc.org.uk/ resources/A4-Code-of-Conduct.pdf

REVIEW The main entrance to Bristol Temple Meads Station, part of an 1870s expansion of the site by Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt. The original station was built in 1839–41 by Isambard Kingdom Brunel for the Great Western Railway Company. (Photo: Jonathan Taylor)

14 Specialists in the conservation and restoration of historic buildings and monuments andrew.bonner@szcl.uk T: 01243 682031 M:07983 608423 www.szerelmey.com/conservation Preserving architectural heritage

R E V I E W 15 INTRODUCTION Paving the way for the 2017 annual school, this edition of the Yearbook explores the theme of infrastructure and its complex implications for our profession. We need to be aware of the challenges and demands which will arise from major infrastructure projects and ensure that we have the skills to deal with them. Like many conservation practitioners, my career in the historic environment stemmed from another profession. While practising as a town planner I found my interest moving towards conservation and urban design. I secured a place on the postgraduate building conservation course at the Architectural Association and the rest, as they say, is history. As others have said, the variety of backgrounds and qualifications that many bring to our profession is one of its great strengths. But times change, and others, who are perhaps more career-focussed than me at an earlier age, are looking to work in conservation without a previous qualification. At the same time, further education is becoming increasingly expensive – prohibitively so for those from less wealthy backgrounds. So what is the answer? Many readers will be aware of recent national media coverage of apprenticeships. Large employers across all industries will be subject to a levy from April 2017 to fund apprenticeships. This certainly has potential for both employers and future recruits to building conservation, and dovetails neatly with the 2017 Yearbook’s theme of infrastructure. For some time the archaeological profession has been concerned that the demand for fieldwork caused by major infrastructure projects, notably HS2, is likely to cause a serious shortage of field archaeologists. Historic England has taken the initiative in this area and brought together employers and others to submit a ‘Trailblazer’ application to register relevant apprenticeship standards with the Department for Education (DfE). Of course, major infrastructure projects need the input of other heritage professionals too. There will be a need for research, evaluation and mitigation proposals affecting listed buildings and conservation areas. In terms of conservation, there are also other major projects to be considered, such as Crossrail 2. The way is now open for other parts of the sector, including conservation practitioners and their employers, to get involved and to develop appropriate standards for apprenticeships. To start with, these standards are likely to be set at graduate level, but if there is a perceived demand they could be set at school-leaver level, which might attract young people with a wider range of backgrounds. However, these are early days, and much needs to be done – first of all in setting appropriate standards that the DfE rightly requires should be related to ‘real jobs’. Second, it is essential to get the right employers from both the public and private sectors on board. Third, the necessary educational programmes need to be set up. A key element of apprenticeships is that 20 per cent of an apprentice’s time should be spent away from the job and in a learning environment. Clearly, there is much for the IHBC and its members to be involved in to keep this on track. Of course, we should not forget existing IHBC members and their need to maintain and improve their skills. This Yearbook is an excellent starting point. The key message that comes over to me is one of integration of skills, whether in multi-disciplinary consultancies or in teams dealing with large projects. From a professional point of view, that certainly rings true. We need to work in a joined-up way while respecting and appreciating each other’s professional skills. That is an issue that came to the fore with the IHBC’s 2016 memorandum of understanding with the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists. The IHBC through its committees and branches continues to be active in promoting training through national and local CPD events. One planned for later this year which will be relevant to infrastructure is a session on project management run jointly by the Education Training & Standards committee and IHBC North branch. But before then there is what promises to be an excellent and inspiring annual school on transport infrastructure which will have four sub-themes: railways, water, roads and air. It will take place on June 22–24 in the ‘beating heart of the Northern Powerhouse’, Manchester. I look forward to re-visiting it and, I hope, meeting many Yearbook readers there. DavidMcDonald, president@ihbc.org.uk IHBC president David McDonald presents Samantha Stones with the Gus Astley Award at the 2016 IHBC annual school

16 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 7 CHAIR’S REVIEW JAMES CAIRD, IHBC CHAIR In this column last year my predecessor, Mike Brown, considered the impact of declining resources for statutory heritage processes in local planning authorities. Despite considerable efforts in the heritage sector by many people, including the IHBC, the picture he painted has not improved. Into the mix we now have the considerable uncertainty posed by impending departure from the European Union. Nevertheless, the institute continues to grow in reputation and influence with its clear focus on professional standards in an increasingly fragmented heritage environment. I must begin my first review by thanking Mike Brown for his enormous contribution to the work of the IHBC as chair for the past three years and his continuing work in the Historic Environment Forum (now as vice president of the IHBC), where he chairs a Heritage 2020 working group. It is this commitment to collaborative working for the future of historic building conservation on which I wish to build. The uncertainties connected with the UK’s relationship with the EU have been the subject of considerable discussion but it would be wrong to become overly obsessed with them. Our secession from the union is many months, maybe years, away and will do no more than reaffirm the status quo in UK law. Subsequently there may be reform of our heritage legislation but this is unlikely to be a parliamentary priority. So the institute will, in collaboration with like-minded bodies in the heritage sector, be keeping an eye on developments and contributing to the debate. In the meantime there is much to do. The decline in public sector resources for heritage protection continues to be a matter of great regret on which we shall continue to express our views. But in parallel to this we must remember that our institute exists to promote, facilitate and accredit high professional standards in heritage management, design and implementation, and to promote the role of heritage in regeneration, place-making and sustainability. We must continue to serve the public by maintenance of our professional standards and we are constantly working to achieve this. But our work does require the participation of our membership, particularly those nearer qualification than retirement who will form our future governance. We have a considerable portfolio of professional development resources and events that we would like members to use and promote. Our website is a goldmine of resources for members to use in their daily work. Our CPD events are well received, especially our annual school which, with the AGM, also provides opportunities for members to get involved in the governance of the IHBC. The interim governance changes which we introduced following past president Trefor Thorpe’s 2015 review have shown us the benefits of wider participation and we need to consolidate and improve them. Active participation can also be gained through our network of branches and we have reinforced our resources to support them. Unlike many professional institutes we have no national head office to focus on and this allows us to be more supportive of regional work. Council+ is our forum for the wider engagement of members in our work. The first meetings have shown us the interest many members have in our work and is encouraging us to widen participation through our committees and panels. The increasing divergence of regulatory practice in the devolved administrations also needs to be acknowledged, and we must work on consolidating sound professional practice that applies everywhere. It was recently pointed out to me that as a professional institute in our discipline we may be unique. British built environment and environmental training and qualifications are valued throughout the world, not least in those countries with less well-developed environmental and regulatory systems. So the institute’s focus on the practice of historic building conservation may be a building block for the future in a perspective that is wider than the UK. That we manage what we do on such small resources is doubly pleasing. No little thanks is due to our national office and its dedicated team of staff, our many volunteers and the general membership who contribute so willingly to our work. These are challenging times and the opportunity to chair such a forward-looking organisation in a discipline that could all too easily become mired in the past is a great honour for which I thank you. James Caird, chair@ihbc.org.uk

R E V I E W 17 EXPERIMENTAL EVOLUTION SEÁN O’REILLY, IHBC DIRECTOR We have had a remarkably busy year, achieving the usual high level of activity and influence across the wide range of interests that shape built and historic environment conservation, even if, as our ambitions extend, pressures have increased. We are also very aware of just how challenging the working environments of our members have been. Before we look at the wider contexts of our work, though, it may be best to begin closer to home. Responding to the reasonably healthy financial situation of the institute and following on from the part-time appointment of Kate Kendall as our Learning, Education, Training and Standards (LETS) Officer in 2014, an additional post was agreed by the trustees early in 2016. The Branch and Events Support Officer role was devised to offer more help to our volunteer members, one of the institute’s most critical resources, and was filled by Carla Pianese, a part-time student at University College London and a conservator by background. That membership focus also stimulated our continuing exploration of more modern forms and structures of governance, which progressed as an informal programme operating under the title IHBC+. It was best summarised at the time of its earliest conception, in December 2014, as a process of ‘experimental evolution’. By 2016, IHBC+ had generated substantially more inclusive and diverse platforms for membership engagement, notably our Council+. As a UK-wide advisory forum, Council+ was devised to introduce members of all categories, accredited and otherwise, to the strategic operations of their professional body, with appointments led by both local and national branches and the UK-wide board. Building on the capacity offered by all our members – and reducing the unfair obligations on the few – helped to consolidate our presence and profile across the huge range of sectors that shape conservation outcomes: heritage and culture; construction, development and regeneration; as well as education and environment, among many others. This capacity building had other valuable impacts, as membership numbers reached around 2,400 at the end of September, although these figures do ebb and flow across the year. However, our investment in volunteer support and new membership structures such as IHBC+ clearly reinforced interest in our work and, through that, our voluntary resource. The IHBC’s listing of commercial and corporate conservation practices, HESPR (Historic Environment Service Provider Recognition), saw less dramatic changes numerically but that only sparked our ambitions. Promotion of HESPR continued in the Yearbook and online, occasional bulletins of business tender opportunities became weekly and cross-promotions increased, notably through the still-developing ‘Caring for your home’ website (http:// ihbconline.co.uk/caring). Historic England’s recognition of HESPR’s potential in its own guidance added more weight to the service, both for IHBC and HESPR members. At the time of writing, HESPR has reached a modest but solid 30 members. Adding more to the IHBC’s profile, objectives and brand were three other strands underpinning step-changes here: • the IHBC’s Conservation Areas 50th Anniversary Celebrations awards fund to help local communities celebrate the anniversary of the 1967 Civic Amenities Act • the development of the IHBC ConservationWiki (www. designingbuildings.co.uk/ wiki/ Conservation_wiki), our openaccess wiki-platform which targets the construction and business sectors • the Marsh Awards tributes which celebrate the achievements both of retired IHBC members working in the community and successful learners in heritage, with cash and annual school places serving as rewards and incentives. Other recent initiatives included a quality assurance model for local authorities, a new communications strategy, and a statement of ‘conservation professional practice principles’ for members to help us shape everything from accreditation to disciplinary standards. Moreover, we also launched CPD-friendly web promotions of our celebrated publications, notably Context; new training programmes were introduced, notably for secretaries and staff on the Church of England’s diocesan advisory committees; and we consolidated our new professional indemnity scheme.

18 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 7 We also kick-started new ideas that built on existing achievements: a planned programme of online branch and volunteer support developed from our branch connection days; a new model for supporting volunteerled initiatives in the form of special interest groups; a new approach to our Course Connection Day that extends the offer of a free day of IHBC support to student representatives from any relevant courses; a new programme for engaging with our HESPR members to help us work better and more proactively with private sector members; and plans for our first committee-led, branchsupported training event (at Bishop Auckland, in October 2017) which will extend our support strategy for members, as discussed later in this Yearbook (page 84). In addition, we maintained our leadership in addressing built and historic environment conservation needs and issues across the UK: our branches continue to deliver a unique suite of local training and networking on the ground; our interim IHBC Jobs etc data round-up for 2016 recorded sector jobs with a total salary value of more than £6 million; our annual local government survey for England continued; our publications and our networks (digital and membership) expanded; our consultations panel, supported by our branch network, maintained its high standard of public service in such critical areas as curtilage; while our support for members offered a new Crisis Support service to help members in crisis to easily access our support. For all that good news, our members have continued to experience exceptionally challenging, even hostile, work environments. Our 2016 annual school coincided with the Brexit results and our annual Course Connection Day in November with the election of the new US president, with each, whatever your leanings, introducing their peculiar hurdles and complexities. Perhaps, given the sadly too-familiar history of conservationunfriendly thinking over the past decade and more, these at least lay outside our control. We do see positive signs on the horizon, with the Heritage Lottery Fund and its work one of the few consistently bright lights – and we are hugely pleased to have our current Yearbook prefaced by its new lead officer, Ros Kerslake, who has been such a long-standing friend to the sector. The appointment of new leaders at national heritage agencies and their equivalents across the UK appear to bode well for the future too, as they seem prepared to grapple with long-standing issues and concerns that have been more disguised than addressed by re-structuring. And the focus on UK excellence and leadership has usefully turned the spotlight on built and historic environment conservation, for in this the UK has a global standing and footprint that even the most unsympathetic government cannot ignore. The IHBC’s chairs have always been especially strong in asserting the case for the UK as a global centre for such conservation expertise. I have no doubt that in years to come our efforts, as mentioned above, will pay off at no less substantial global levels: • our structured interdisciplinary membership accreditation appears unique and surely marks the future for its focus on resource management • our development of a quality assurance methodology for local authority conservation services should reflect the way any public interest in our places considers their care and improvement • our communications strategy articulates the connection between place and society in their most complex and universal applications, and although not unique in itself, combined with the above the strategy has a special place in supporting successful advocacy. The IHBC is still very much an organisation in transition, and with our new Council+ and a remarkably robust body of voluntary trustees, not to mention the staff and consultants, I have no doubt that our future is bright. Seán O’Reilly, director@ihbc.org.uk Sam Tinsdeall, apprentice joiner, is presented with the Marsh Award for Successful Learning in Heritage Skills by Nick Carter, trustee of the Marsh Christian Trust

19 Architecture Conservation Heritage Acanthus House, 57 Hightown Road, Banbury, OX16 9BE Tel: 01295 702600 www.acanthusclews.co.uk ARCHITECTS AND HERITAGE LEADERS AT THE FOREFRONT OF CONSERVATION FOR SEVEN DECADES. Winners of the RICS East of England Project of the Year Award 2016 for Sacrewell Watermill in Peterborough (pictured). _ @purcelluk www.purcelluk.com historic buildings and conservation 24 Victoria Road Saltaire, Bradford BD18 3JR 01274 773388 info@knoxmcconnell.com www.knoxmcconnell.com IHBC recognised historic environment service provider › Conservation area management › Article 4 Directions › Urban design and the public realm › Regeneration funding › Characterisation studies › Site evaluation › Listed building advice › Statements of significance › Buildings at risk and local lists › Conservation plans › Training and locum support › Expert witness 01730 816710 | theconservationstudio.co.uk THE CONSERVATION STUDIO

20 Heritage Add 86x124mm (Print).indd 1 06/12/2016 08:54 ASE Archaeology South-East www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeologyse A division of the Centre for Applied Archaeology, UCL Sussex office: 2 Chapel Place, Portslade, East Sussex, BN41 1DR, 01273 426830 Essex office: 27 Eastways,Witham, Essex, CM8 3YQ, 01376 331470 London office: 31-34 Gordon Square, London, WC1H 0PY, 020 7679 4778 Historic building recording, surveys and impact assessments Research & historical analysis 35 years of fieldwork experience A wide range of integrated specialist services Reliable professional heritage solutions research and analysis conservation plans significance assessments heritage statements historic area assessments Marion Barter BA MA IHBC Neil Burton BA IHBC Andrew Derrick BA AADiplCons IHBC Clare Hartwell BA MA Frank Kelsall MA IHBC Architectural History Practice Ltd 70 Cowcross Street, London EC1M 6EJ mail@architecturalhistory.co.uk www.architecturalhistory.co.uk

R E V I E W 21 HERITAGE PERSPECTIVES ON INFRASTRUCTURE DAVE PROUDLOVE Since the financial crisis of 2007/8 and the introduction of austerity economics, there has been a growing reliance on public investment in infrastructure to enable economic growth and regeneration. Infrastructure has a broad definition and incorporates major national projects such as HS2 as well as improvements to the local highways network. Increasingly, investment in tech-related infrastructure is also seen as key to creating an economy fit for the 21st century. Despite major cuts to public spending since 2010, the government has committed to serious investment in projects such as HS2 and the expansion of Heathrow Airport, and has also provided funds through growth deals for more localised initiatives. The recent industrial strategy green paper Building Our Industrial Strategy reinforces the government’s position in terms of infrastructure investment. Another key element of the government’s approach to securing economic growth and infrastructure investment is through its commitment to devolution of policy making, spending powers, and the ability to retain and raise business rates. This has led to the development of initiatives such as the Northern Powerhouse, which have identified infrastructure investment as key to addressing regional economic disparities. All of this has implications for the historic environment, both in terms of the need to preserve and enhance heritage assets, and from the perspective of the historic environment acting as a driver of economic growth. The towns and cities that have most dramatically transformed their economies in recent decades have recognised the potential that the historic environment offers in helping to achieve economic renaissance. Historic areas can provide a unique quality of place and historic buildings often prove adaptable to modern needs. They can also provide affordable floor space, which is why SMEs, start-ups and creative industries are often the driving force behind heritage-led regeneration. Any debate about the need for modern infrastructure should therefore also consider the contribution that the historic environment can make: the potential to help create new highquality homes; provide infrastructure for the entrepreneurs of the future; and establish the context for world-class 21st-century design. THE CREWE HS2 HUB STATION One of the government’s key infrastructure projects is HS2, which is intended to boost rail capacity, greatly improve connectivity between the north’s big cities and the capital and create opportunities for regeneration and growth. Indeed, policy measures proposed in the recent housing white paper will see key transport hubs become the focus for growth and development, particularly for higher density housing-led schemes. The construction of the new high-speed rail network will incorporate a series of hub stations in key locations which will inevitably come under intense pressure from investors and the development industry. Recent government announcements have formalised matters in terms of the proposed route and new hub stations. Phase 2 of the project will deliver a hub station in the south Cheshire town, providing HS2 links to regions such as north Wales and Shropshire. The location proved controversial and sparked a political tug-of-war between Cheshire East Council and Stoke-on-Trent City Council, with the latter talking about a judicial review of the HS2 decision-making process, while Cheshire East Council sought a more co-operative approach. A change in administration in the Potteries at the 2015 local elections ultimately led to improved co-operation. Following a period of negotiation led by the Cheshire and Warrington Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP) and the Stoke and Staffordshire LEP, the ‘Northern Gateway Partnership’ was launched. This has since evolved into the ‘Constellation Partnership’, which brings together the two LEPs and seven local authorities across north Staffordshire and south Cheshire in a joint effort to stimulate growth on the back of the HS2-related investment. The ‘Northern Gateway Development Zone’ stretches from Winsford to Stafford. Its heart is formed by the historic railway town of Crewe and the Potteries conurbation, and the Northern Gateway Partnership is currently developing a strategy for economic growth underpinned by the planned HS2 investment and investment in strategic The Spode China Works, Stoke-on-Trent