The home of the conservation professional INSTITUTE OF HISTORIC BUILDING CONSERVATION YEARBOOK 2014
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1 THE INSTITUTE OF HISTORIC BUILDING CONSERVATION www.ihbc.org.uk Registered as a charity in England and Wales number 1061593 and in Scotland number SC041945 Company Limited by Guarantee Registered in England number 3333780 Registered Office: 3 Stafford Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent TN2 4QZ OFFICERS IHBC officers are listed on page 5. Branch contacts are listed on page 6. BUSINESS OFFICE Jubilee House, High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 01747 873133 Fax 01747 871718 Email email@example.com DIRECTOR’S OFFICE Postal address: Jubilee House, High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 0131 558 3671 Email firstname.lastname@example.org The institute cannot accept responsibility for the acts or omissions of any Member, Associate, Affiliate or HESPR company and accordingly the institute shall not be liable for any loss or damage or other matter arising from the employment or engagement of any member. IHBC YEARBOOK We gratefully acknowledge the support of firms whose advertisements appear throughout this publication. While every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this Yearbook is current and correct, neither the IHBC nor the publisher can be held responsible for any errors or omissions which may occur. All rights reserved. The title of the IHBC Yearbook is and shall remain the absolute property of the institute. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recordings, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the institute. This 2014 edition has been prepared for the Communications & Outreach Committee by the IHBC National Office with the help of Cathedral Communications Limited. EDITOR David Boulting COVER ILLUSTRATIONS The photographs which appear on the cover are: • Main illustration: Battersea Power Station (Photo: Eric de Maré/English Heritage) • Inset left: The Playhouse Theatre, Derry~Londonderry (Photo: Sammonds Photography) • Inset centre: Adam Baillie, a trainee on the NHIG’s Heritage Blacksmiths Bursary programme, repairs part of the Tijou Screen at Hampton Court (Photo: Hall Conservation Ltd) • Inset right: Astley Castle, Warwickshire (Photo: The Landmark Trust) The IHBC Yearbook is published and produced by Cathedral Communications Limited High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 01747 871717 Fax 01747 871718 Email email@example.com www.buildingconservation.com Copyright 2014 Cathedral Communications Limited ISBN 978 1 900915 74 8 For additional copies of the IHBC Yearbook please contact the IHBC Business Office, Tel 01747 873133. CONTENTS What is the IHBC? 2 Foreword 3 STRUCTURE AND MEMBERSHIP Structure of the IHBC 4 Elected and appointed officers 5 Branch contacts 6 Membership of the IHBC 8 REVIEW: THE WORK OF THE IHBC AND ITS MEMBERS Chair’s review Mike Brown 13 Our virtuous circle Seán O’Reilly 14 The art of conservation David Kincaid 17 The art of intervention Anna Keay 21 Place-shaping Barry Sellers 25 The art of repair Robin Kent 29 Lighting the walled city Paul Millar 32 The art of negotiation Jo Evans 37 DIRECTORY Directory of members 40 HESPR companies 74 USEFUL INFORMATION Courses and events 77 Career progression Emilia McDonald 82 IHBC-recognised courses 85 National organisations 86 Local authority contacts 89 Products and services 94 ADVERTISERS INDEX 100
2 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 4 WHAT IS THE IHBC? The Institute of Historic Building Conservation is the principal body in the United Kingdom representing professionals and specialists involved in the conservation and preservation of the historic environment. Our members include architects, architectural historians and researchers, conservation officers in central and local government, planners, surveyors, structural engineers and other specialist consultants, including conservators, craftspeople and other practitioners. The benefits of membership include: • news updates (NewsBlogs) • Context, IHBC’s journal • IHBCYearbook • The Building Conservation Directory and other conservation publications from Cathedral Communications • events: reduced rates and priority access (as applicable) • job notices • technical support and guidance • national, regional and web-based advice and advisory panels • tax relief on subscriptions (incomerelated) • access to business support and listings including membership of IHBC’s Historic Environment Service Providers Recognition (HESPR) scheme (full members) • guidance on project development • career advice and support • training and CPD events, including IHBC Annual School • networking opportunities • participation and CPD opportunities in electronic panels • access to advocacy and lobbying • participation in supporting IHBC’s wider public services: - web-based resources - sector consultations service - volunteering opportunities - awards (IHBC Gus Astley Student Awards) - partnerships across built sector interests. The institute’s charitable purpose is to promote for the benefit of the public: • the conservation and enhancement of the historic environment in the United Kingdom • the highest standards of professional skills in this field • the education and training of professionals and specialists responsible for such work. The IHBC’s operations are planned in accordance with the three objects listed in its current Corporate Plan (see website for details): • helping people by promoting the conservation and management of historic places as a unique and evolving resource for people, both today and in the future • helping conservation by supporting specialists, specialisms and specialist interests in conservation, because effective conservation demands skilled care • helping conservation professionals by supporting, encouraging and challenging IHBC members and prospective members, because conservation professionals work most effectively with coordination, advice, inspiration and scrutiny provided by an informed professional body.
3 FOREWORD That hackneyed old adage that says time goes faster as one gets older is true I’m afraid. This will be the third and final year that I’ve had the honour of being your president and the time has quite simply flown by. Whirlwind or not, it has been by degrees demanding, challenging, supremely enjoyable, a tremendous privilege and, above all, thoroughly rewarding. This is all the more so because of the wonderful, dedicated, knowledgeable, passionate and thoroughly nice bunch of people you all are. If there’s an art to growing old(-er) gracefully I’m not sure I have – or indeed want – that particular skill! But I do know that there’s an art to what we do best. The conservation of the built environment is essentially an idealistic pursuit, invariably challenging, occasionally depressing, but usually rewarding (albeit not in a financial way for most of us) provided one adopts a sufficient level of healthy, self-preserving pragmatism. As your past chair Jo Evans suggests in her piece on the art of negotiation (see page 37), it pays to pick the battles you believe you can win, to be reasonable (that old planning cliché!), and to maintain the moral high-ground. That way, no matter whose case you are fighting, you should stay (relatively) For this year it only remains for me to thank the thoroughly talented and energetic team led by Seán O’Reilly for their warm support and untiring efforts, and to wish you all well. I will, of course, hope to see as many of you as possible in Edinburgh in June. It promises to be a great annual school for I cannot think of a more apposite venue to host our ‘Art of Conservation’ theme; and although you may think I am Welsh, I was born in Scotland so in a way it will be like coming home. Slàinte! Trefor Thorpe IHBC President sane, balanced and (and this is important) right, or on the side of the righteous at the very least. It’s the art of being a professional. The pressures of delving deep into the labyrinthine legal complexities of our institute’s governance have prevented me from seeing as much of you all at branch level as I had wished, and I apologise for that. The governance review has been, and continues to be, a messy business (although someone’s got to do it). However, as we get closer to achieving a new model that can deliver fuller, more transparent and more flexible representation for all involved in our broad, eclectic church, I’m certain that it will be worth it in the long run. This is important, for while we have been blessed with a group of people at the helm of this organisation who care, who strive to fight our corner in practical ways and, above all, who seek to exercise and extend our influence, they, unlike the heritage we care for, cannot last forever. Their foresight, initiative and the brand of professional adeptness that has drawn us admiration from within the sector and beyond is a skilful art and one that is vitally important to the survival and prosperity of our function, if not always to our day jobs. If we want our profession to survive, develop and prosper, we need your support, we need your input and we need your time. If my three years as your president have taught me anything it is that those who devote their energies to this organisation, whether in a paid or unpaid voluntary capacity, find it incredibly rewarding and not just because, indirectly, it provides valuable, marketable career experience at executive levels. I am supremely grateful to, but mostly humbled by all those of you who give your time to make this institute what it has become today, but I look with eager anticipation for those who will make it what it will be tomorrow.
4 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 4 STRUCTURE OF THE IHBC Yorkshire David Blackburn firstname.lastname@example.org Scotland Stuart Eydmann email@example.com South Julia Foster firstname.lastname@example.org South East Sean Rix email@example.com South West James Webb firstname.lastname@example.org Wales Nathan Blanchard email@example.com West Midlands Charles Shapcott firstname.lastname@example.org FINANCE& RESOURCESCOMMITTEE Treasurer and Committee Chair Richard Morrice email@example.com Chair of Council Mike Brown firstname.lastname@example.org PRESIDENT Trefor Thorpe email@example.com CHAIR Mike Brown firstname.lastname@example.org B R A N C H C O U N C I L M E M B E R S B R A N C H C O U N C I L M E M B E R S SECRETARY Eddie Booth email@example.com Administrator Lydia Porter firstname.lastname@example.org EDUCATIONTRAINING & STANDARDS COMMITTEE Education Secretary and Committee Chair David McDonald email@example.com COMMUNICATIONS & OUTREACH COMMITTEE Communications & Outreach Secretary and Committee Chair Charles Strang firstname.lastname@example.org Editorial Board Chair Fiona Newton email@example.com POLICY COMMITTEE Policy Secretary and Committee Chair David Kincaid firstname.lastname@example.org Government Liaison Secretary Bob Kindred email@example.com MEMBERSHIP & ETHICS COMMITTEE Membership Secretary and Committee Chair Paul Butler firstname.lastname@example.org NOTES Red text indicates voting posts of council. Other o cers can attend council as required. For further details of the regional branch contacts see map on page 6. For contact details of all others please refer to the directory of members on page 40. East Midlands Roy Lewis email@example.com London JohnWebb firstname.lastname@example.org North Geo Underwood email@example.com Northern Ireland (Acting) Colin Hatrick firstname.lastname@example.org North West Crispin Edwards email@example.com East Anglia David Andrews firstname.lastname@example.org Projects O cer Fiona Newton email@example.com Membership Services O cer Carmen Moran firstname.lastname@example.org DIRECTOR Seán O‘Reilly email@example.com IHBC NATIONAL OFFICE VICE CHAIR Emilia McDonald firstname.lastname@example.org COUNCIL
5 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P DAVID McDONALD, EDUCATION SECRETARY is an independent historic environment consultant specialising in providing heritage training for other built environment professionals. He formerly led the Conservation and Design Team at the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. He represents the IHBC on the Historic Environment Forum and is a member of the Victorian Society’s Southern Buildings Committee. email@example.com EMILIA McDONALD, VICE CHAIR is the conservation areas officer at Aylesbury Vale District Council and leads on heritage consultancy in the Built Environment Services Team, delivering specialist advice to other public bodies. She is chair of IHBC South branch and also advises affiliate members of the IHBC and recent conservation graduates on future career paths and progression within the institute. firstname.lastname@example.org CHARLES STRANG, COMMUNICATIONS AND OUTREACH SECRETARY is a chartered architect and planner. He studied architecture and urban and regional planning at Strathclyde University. He worked for 14 years in local government before joining National Trust for Scotland as the head of planning, later becoming the director of buildings and gardens. He is now a sole practitioner specialising in conservation architecture and planning, and a trustee of the Sir Patrick Geddes Memorial Trust. email@example.com PAUL BUTLER, MEMBERSHIP SECRETARY is the chairman of Paul Butler Associates, a planning and heritage consultancy based in Manchester. He worked for Newcastle and Gateshead local authorities and then Manchester, where he was the head of the city centre team. He is a trustee of Heritage Works (formerly Ancoats Buildings Preservation Trust) and of the Stroudwater Textile Trust. He was on the executive committee of the IHBC in the North West and has been an assessor of candidates for the IHBC. firstname.lastname@example.org ELECTED AND APPOINTEDOFFICERS TREFOR THORPE, PRESIDENT was chief architect at Cadw until his retirement in February 2011. During a 23 year career with the Welsh Government’s historic environment service he was responsible for conservation and development projects at a wide range of monuments in state care and for advice relating to historic building grant and control casework. Prior to joining Cadw he was a local planning authority conservation architect in Carmarthen, West Wales. email@example.com MIKE BROWN, CHAIR is a chartered building surveyor with over 20 years’ experience of the repair, refurbishment and successful change management of historic buildings and places, both as a practitioner and conservation officer. He is now a consultant heritage and urban design advisor. firstname.lastname@example.org DAVID KINCAID, POLICY SECRETARY was the conservation team leader at Canterbury until retirement in August 2013. He was responsible for a wide range of projects including conservation area management, listed building and area grant schemes, and world heritage site management. Prior to this he worked for 14 years in South Yorkshire on a range of regeneration and urban design projects. email@example.com RICHARD MORRICE, TREASURER is an architectural historian, a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and chairman of Canterbury DAC. Formerly an inspector of historic buildings, he is senior heritage protection reform advisor with English Heritage. firstname.lastname@example.org EDDIE BOOTH, SECRETARY was IHBC president from 2008 to 2011 and chair from 2001 to 2004. He is a director of The Conservation Studio and was previously a historic areas advisor at English Heritage. He is also a trustee of the Woodchester Mansion Trust, a board member of the National Heritage Training Academy (SW) and course leader of the MSc in building conservation at the Weald & Downland Open Air Museum. email@example.com
6 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 4 FLINTSHIRE CONWY ISLE OF ANGLESEY GWYNEDD POWYS THE VALE OF GLAMORGAN NEATH PORT TALBOT SWANSEA CARDIFF RHONDDA, CYNON, TAFF MERTHYR TYDFIL NEWPORT BLAENAU GWENT CAERPHILLY TORFAEN MONMOUTHSHIRE NORTH SOMERSET BATH AND NE SOMERSET SOUTH GLOUCESTERSHIRE CITY OF BRISTOL CALDERDALE KIRKLEES SHEFFIELD ROTHERHAM BRADFORD LEEDS YORK BARNSLEY WAKEFIELD DONCASTER NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE NORTH EAST LINCOLNSHIRE CITY OF KINGSTON UPON HULL EAST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE SOUTH AYRSHIRE EAST AYRSHIRE ARGYLL AND BUTE NA H-EILEANAN AN IAR H I G H L A N D MORAY ABERDEEN CITY ANGUS PERTH AND KINROSS STIRLING F I FE DUNDEE CITY EAST LOTHIAN MIDLOTHIAN SOUTH LANARKSHIRE CLACKMANNANSHIRE NORTH AYRSHIRE SCOTTISH BORDERS ISLE OF WIGHT SHETLAND ISLANDS CITY OF DERBY SWINDON CITY OF PORTSMOUTH CITY OF SOUTHAMPTON BOURNEMOUTH POOLE RUTLAND CITY OF LEICESTER MILTON KEYNES LUTON CITY OF BRIGHTON & HOVE CITY OF STOKE-ONTRENT CEREDIGION TORBAY CITY OF PLYMOUTH WEST BERKSHIRE READING WOKINGHAM BRACKNELL FOREST WINDSOR AND MAIDENHEAD SLOUGH THURROCK SOUTHEND-ON-SEA MEDWAY CITY OF PETERBOROUGH COUNTY OF HEREFORDSHIRE DENBIGHSHIRE WREXHAM TELFORD AND WREKIN BRIDGEND BEDFORDSHIRE CITY OF NOTTINGHAM BLACKBURN WITH DARWEN BLACKPOOL ORKNEY ISLANDS REDCAR AND CLEVELAND MIDDLESBROUGH NORTH TYNESIDE SOUTH TYNESIDE SUNDERLAND HARTLEPOOL GATESHEAD NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE STOCKTON-ON-TEES DARLINGTON London area (see inset) 1 2 3 4 WEST LOTHIAN FALKIRK NORTH LANARKSHIRE 5 EAST DUNBARTONSHIRE WEST DUNBARTONSHIRE KNOWSLEY 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 ST HELENS WIGAN 7 6 BURY 9 8 10 11 12 13 STOCKPORT WARRINGTON HALTON WIRRAL SEFTON Dashed lines are for clarification purposes only. CARMARTHENSHIRE PEMBROKESHIRE ISLES OF SCILLY CORNWALL DEVON SOMERSET DORSET WILTSHIRE HAMPSHIRE WEST SUSSEX SURREY EAST SUSSEX KENT ESSEX SUFFOLK NORFOLK CAMBRIDGESHIRE BUCKINGHAMSHIRE OXFORDSHIRE GLOUCESTERSHIRE SHROPSHIRE STAFFORDSHIRE CHESHIRE DERBYSHIRE WARWICKSHIRE NORTHAMPTONSHIRE LINCOLNSHIRE NOTTINGHAMSHIRE NORTH YORKSHIRE LANCASHIRE CUMBRIA DURHAM NORTHUMBERLAND LEICESTERSHIRE WORCESTERSHIRE ABERDEENSHI RE DUMFR I ES AND GAL LOWAY HERTFORDSHIRE 0 50 100 km Boundaries revised to April 2001 Crown copyright 2001 NORTHERN IRELAND REPUBLIC OF IRELAND BRANCH CONTACTS EAST ANGLIA (BEDFORDSHIRE, CAMBRIDGESHIRE, ESSEX, HERTFORDSHIRE, NORFOLK AND SUFFOLK) Branch Council Member DAVID ANDREWS firstname.lastname@example.org EAST MIDLANDS (DERBYSHIRE, LEICESTERSHIRE, LINCOLNSHIRE, NORTHAMPTONSHIRE AND NOTTINGHAMSHIRE) Branch Council Member ROY LEWIS email@example.com LONDON (GREATER LONDON) Branch Council Member JOHN WEBB firstname.lastname@example.org NORTH (CLEVELAND, CUMBRIA, DURHAM, NORTHUMBERLAND AND TYNE AND WEAR) Branch Council Member GEOFF UNDERWOOD email@example.com NORTH WEST (CHESHIRE, GREATER MANCHESTER, ISLE OF MAN, LANCASHIRE AND MERSEYSIDE) Branch Council Member CRISPIN EDWARDS firstname.lastname@example.org
7 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P WEST MIDLANDS (HEREFORDSHIRE, WORCESTERSHIRE, SHROPSHIRE, STAFFORDSHIRE, WARWICKSHIRE AND WEST MIDLANDS) Branch Council Member CHARLES SHAPCOTT email@example.com YORKSHIRE (ALL YORKSHIRE COUNTIES) Branch Council Member DAVID BLACKBURN firstname.lastname@example.org OVERSEAS MEMBERS (ALL COUNTRIES) Membership Secretary PAUL BUTLER email@example.com SOUTH EAST (EAST SUSSEX, KENT, SURREY AND WEST SUSSEX) Branch Council Member SEAN RIX firstname.lastname@example.org SOUTH WEST (CORNWALL, DEVON, DORSET, GLOUCESTERSHIRE, SCILLY ISLANDS, SOMERSET AND WILTSHIRE) Branch Council Member JAMES WEBB email@example.com WALES (ALL ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS) Branch Council Member NATHAN BLANCHARD firstname.lastname@example.org NORTHERN IRELAND (ALL COUNTIES) (Acting) Branch Council Member COLIN HATRICK email@example.com SCOTLAND (ALL ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS AND ISLANDS) Branch Council Member STUART EYDMANN firstname.lastname@example.org SOUTH (BERKSHIRE, BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, CHANNEL ISLANDS, HAMPSHIRE, ISLE OF WIGHT AND OXFORDSHIRE) Branch Council Member JULIA FOSTER email@example.com
8 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 4 MEMBERSHIP OF THE IHBC The institute aims to offer membership to all those who care for or about the built and historic environment, and our members are drawn from many disciplines. They include architects, town planners, building surveyors, estate managers, structural engineers, landscape architects, archaeologists, architectural historians, local authority conservation officers, officers from national conservation organisations, academics and private practitioners. Membership of the institute is aimed at being inclusive rather than exclusive, as far as the maintenance of proper professional standards will allow. There are two categories of membership available: Full membership of the institute is open to all whose principal skill, expertise, training and employment is in providing specialist advice for the conservation of the built and historic environment. Full members are normally expected to demonstrate skills and experience in line with and across the institute’s four areas of competence (see page 10) although significant skills in one or more areas may be seen to outweigh weaknesses in one of the other areas. Anybody who satisfies these requirements and has at least five years’ relevant experience would normally be considered eligible for full membership. For those who have gained a qualification from a conservation course that has full recognition from the institute (see page 85) the necessary period of relevant experience required is reduced from five years to two years. Affiliate membership is available for those who have not yet demonstrated to council the criteria for full membership, but wish eventually to gain full membership. There are two concessionary membership subscription rates as outlined below. There is also the possibility of negotiating another rate for libraries. CONCESSIONS Membership is available at concessionary rates for those who are on low wages. Other members who make a case to the Finance & Resources Committee that they are suffering financial hardship due to The city of Edinburgh, which will host the 2014 IHBC Annual School (Photo: Fiona Newton)
9 S T R U C T U R E A N D M E M B E R S H I P IHBC MEMBERS BY PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS (including IHBC affiliates) low wage or part-time work may be eligible for the reduced rate. All forms of concessionary membership last only for the subscription year that they are agreed. Retired This form of membership allows a reduced subscription rate for existing members who retire but wish to remain in contact with the institute although they are no longer gainfully employed in conservation. Those wishing to apply for this form of membership should write to the membership secretary confirming that they are no longer gainfully employed in conservation or otherwise. Libraries This is a form of subscribing membership where an organisation, rather than an individual, may access our services and benefits. Those wishing to apply for this form of membership should contact the membership secretary who will advise them of the subscription rate applicable. All members have the right to receive notices, literature and Context. Only full members have the right to attend General Meetings although all categories of membership will normally be notified of such meetings and will be encouraged to attend. Only full members can vote at General Meetings. Full members and affiliates may speak at General Meetings. Associates may not speak or vote at General Meetings. The Membership & Ethics Committee, subject to the approval of council, will decide on eligibility for and class of membership. All membership information is kept on a computer database and names and addresses can be used for mailing of appropriate information to members subject to stated preferences on the membership application form and careful control by officers. MEMBERSHIP SUBSCRIPTIONS The membership subscription year is from 1 April to 31 March each year. Subscriptions are due on 1 April and can be paid by direct debit or by cheque. Cheques should be made payable to the ‘Institute of Historic Building Conservation’. The membership subscriptions from April 2013 are: Members, affiliates and associates £108 per annum If your annual income is below £17,500 you may qualify for the concessionary rate and only pay £54 for the full IHBC service. Proof of income is required before the concession can be confirmed and has to be renewed annually. Retired members £54 per annum Hardship support If you are facing circumstances that mean our fees are not affordable then you should apply for the IHBC’s hardship support. To find out more please visit the website. If members make a successful case for hardship support the institute can typically cover 75 per cent of fee costs. Further Information To apply for membership, please see www.ihbc.org.uk/join/apply/ index.html The Institute of Historic Building Conservation, Jubilee House, High Street, Tisbury, Wiltshire SP3 6HA Tel 01747 873133 Fax 01747 871718 Email firstname.lastname@example.org. Professional affiliations: The institute remains the sole professional body for half its membership. One in four IHBC members is also a member of one of the architectural, surveying or engineering bodies, and one in five is a member of the RTPI. (Data compiled February 2014) Fields of employment: there have been no significant changes over the past 12 months. Local and central government employment (44%) is now about equal to that of the private sector (43%). The voluntary sector and non-government organisations such as the HLF and the Canal & River Trust account for the bulk of the remainder (7%). IHBC MEMBERS BY EMPLOYMENT Private sector 43% Archaeologists 3% Builders 3% Affiliates 28% and Full members 24% IHBC only Engineers 2% Surveyors 7% Architects 16% Town planners 20% Education 2% Misc 1% Voluntary sector 4% Central government 10% Local government 34% NGOs 3% Not known or unemployed 3%
10 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 4 AREAS OF COMPETENCE Professional Practical Evaluation Management Intervention 1 Philosophy 3 History 5 Legislation and policy 7 Design and presentation 2 Practice 4 Research, recording and analysis 6 Finance and economics 8 Technology The eight IHBC competences AREAS OF COMPETENCE AND COMPETENCES FOR IHBC MEMBERS The ‘competences’ provide an outline of the skills, knowledge and experience required to fulfill the requirements of institute membership. Prospective members are advised to refer to the institute’s current guidance for applicants, Membership Standards, Criteria and Guidelines (2008) which is posted on our website’s membership pages – see www.ihbc.org.uk/join/ membership_downloads/index. html. The following provides a brief summary of the principal headings: AREA OF COMPETENCE Professional 1 Philosophy Appreciation of the social, cultural, political, aesthetic, economic and environmental values that underpin current conservation policy and practice 2 Practice Awareness of the wider context of conservation, including knowledge of and ability to interact effectively with all bodies and individuals who have a significant role to play in the field AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Evaluation 3 History Knowledge of the development of the historic environment including the remains of previous periods and cultures, historic buildings and settlements, works of engineering, parks, gardens and other elements of the historic landscape 4 Research/Recording/Analysis Ability to carry out or commission research, analysis and recording of the historic environment, and to maintain records accordingly AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Management 5 Legislation/Policy Knowledge of the legislative and policy framework for the conservation of the historic environment, its formulation locally and nationally, and awareness of other relevant legislation and policies 6 Finance/Economics Understanding of the process for the procuring of buildings and facilitating development, including finance, valuation, cost planning and contracts, with specific reference to historic buildings and areas AREA OF COMPETENCE Practical: Intervention 7 Design/Presentation Ability to analyse and evaluate quality of design, existing and proposed, of buildings and areas, and to present the results of such analysis in a way understandable to both professional and lay audiences 8 Technology Knowledge of building construction of all periods, the characteristics of structures, the nature and properties of building materials and appropriate methods of repair and alteration of historic fabric. IHBC CODE OF CONDUCT The object of the IHBC Code of Conduct is to promote those standards of conduct and selfdiscipline required of a member of the Institute of Historic Building Conservation in the interests of the public and the protection of the built heritage. The main object of the institute is the promotion, for the benefit of the public, of the conservation of, and education and training in, the conservation and preservation of buildings, structures, areas, gardens and landscapes which are of architectural and historical interest and/or value in the United Kingdom. This built heritage of the United Kingdom, which is part of society’s common heritage and which should be available to everyone, is, however, a limited and irreplaceable resource. It is therefore the duty of all members to act for and to promote its protection. Subscription to this Code of Conduct for individuals involved in the conservation and preservation of the built heritage assumes acceptance of these responsibilities. Those who subscribe to it and carry out its provisions will thereby be identified as persons professing specific standards of competence, responsibility and ethical behaviour in the pursuit of historic building conservation work. This code therefore indicates the general standard of conduct to which members of the institute are expected to adhere, failing which its governing body may judge them guilty of conduct unbecoming to a member of the institute and may reprimand, suspend or expel them. Full details of the Code of Conduct may be found on the IHBC website at www.ihbc.org.uk/join/ membership_downloads/index.html.
REVIEW The IHBC South West branch’s 2013 Characterisation conference at Circomedia, Bristol. Circomedia is based in St Paul’s Church (1789–94, Grade I), which is in the care of The Churches Conservation Trust. (Photo: Jonathan Taylor)
12 Royal Albert Hall, London Quadrant 3 Development, London Formerly the Regent Palace Hotel Tottenham Court Road, London The London Coliseum (photo: Andreas Praefcke) SHAWS ARCHITECTURAL TERRACOTTA & FAIENCE CRAFTSMANSHIP AT ITS VERY FINEST SINCE 1897 OUR TERRACOTTA HAS ADORNED SOME OF THE MOST PRESTIGIOUS BUILDINGS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, EUROPE, AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT JON WILSON TELEPHONE: +44 (0)7792 267483 OR EMAIL: JWILSON@SHAWSOFDARWEN.COM Shaws of Darwen, Waterside, Darwen, Lancashire BB3 3NX Tel: +44 (0)1254 775111 Fax: +44 (0)1254 873462 Email: email@example.com Website: www.shaws-terracotta.com
R E V I E W 13 CHAIR’S REVIEW MIKE BROWN, IHBC CHAIR As I write this review yet more ‘exceptional’ bad weather is forecast, with the winds outside scattering fence panels like playing cards and large parts of the western counties under water. Weathering the storm seems to have become the norm and who now can doubt that climate change is upon us. That other great man-made storm, the near collapse of the banking system and subsequent recession, has been a huge challenge for many members, not only through the loss of a third of public sector jobs, but also the paucity of commissions and decent remuneration for private sector members. The IHBC has faced its own challenges in the last year and must meet others over the coming one. How are we to meet them? Well, firstly, by having a little faith. We have come a remarkably long way in our 15 years and can take comfort in knowing that we’re on the side of the angels. The innate sustainability of conservation, its embedded cultural memory and its commitment to the future gives it and us a quality that, to all but the most cynical and unthinking, makes our case irrefutable. Secondly, by understanding the cyclical nature of things. The tide may be out and resources dried up but they will return. The dominance of materialism and the worship of markets is, to me, the bane of our age; the cost to our well-being (and our heritage) is too great. Yet, we’ve been here before and things did improve. We press on in the hope of better times ahead. They will come. Thirdly, by recognising how we have grown and are now something of a victim of our success. Many organisations look to us for leadership and help – particularly if they are facing their own resourcing difficulties. But we can’t do it all. One of the hardest parts of being your chairman is setting priorities within the constraints of available resources. Our national office and our voluntary base can only do so much. All the institute’s officers, at branch and UK-wide levels, volunteer their free time to keep the IHBC going. I doff my cap to them. For all the difficulties, the IHBC has more than survived. Membership remains strong and the feared losses as the recession has dragged on have not materialised. Perhaps pride in belonging to this ‘club’ stirs us, or maybe it is just so obviously beneficial to be a member when so many job adverts require it. And for those contemplating taking the route to full membership through our new Stepping Stones programme, take the plunge, you won’t regret it. What are the coming challenges? Some are external, some self-generated. The biggest external one is the need to keep re-winning the case for heritage with national and local governments. We hear the glib words all too often, but rarely see the deeds. A key test will be to see whether the Treasury’s promises to sustain the funding for the new regulatory part of English Heritage (‘Historic England’) are kept. I will keep pushing to ensure that the IHBC builds its campaigning capacity, forges winning partnerships and brings in the expertise we need to win the argument. Survey after survey demonstrates overwhelming public support for our heritage and the work we do. Let’s get the politicians signed up too! Another major challenge will be the Scottish independence vote. As a UK body, responding to this, whichever way it turns, will require vision and judgement. But we are well-versed in the management of devolved issues in planning, so we have the right base from which to progress. And playing our role in the development of and support for the Heritage Bill for Wales and the far-reaching changes for government in Northern Ireland will keep us fully engaged. Internally, strengthening our voluntary base and our branches is a major issue. Much of what we achieve is thanks to your commitment at local level. We must also accept our growing maturity and the responsibilities it brings regarding our governance arrangements. Our president, Trefor Thorpe, the national office and our lawyers have been wrestling with this issue for months, looking at how best we can deliver our charitable aims, balance competing demands, ‘modernise’ and become a more democratic organisation, balancing central and local concerns. Finally, to ensure our priorities and decisionmaking remain vital and realistic, we need to agree the corporate plan for 2015–20. Our hard-won credibility hangs on successfully resolving such matters. Join in and have your say. I spend most nights writing columns, briefing notes or answering emails to keep things moving. But the IHBC is a team game, none of us is alone and I must acknowledge the wise counsel and encouragement of my predecessors, most immediately Jo Evans, together with Seán and his staff, without whom the challenges could easily become overwhelming. But with those challenges come the rewards of achieving things for something you believe in. As I said at the beginning, we are on the side of the angels. Keep the faith. Mike Brown, firstname.lastname@example.org
14 Y E A R B O O K 2 0 1 4 OUR VIRTUOUS CIRCLE SEÁN O’REILLY, IHBC DIRECTOR It’s been the usual dramatic 12 months at the IHBC, and if your insights into our work begin and end with a skim through our Yearbook introductions, you might well be surprised at just how far we have come in the last year. For a preview, you can rush to the end of this article, but do remember that our achievements are mostly rooted in tough decisions made a decade and more ago. That process of forward planning is at the heart of this review. The idea of a national office as an executive arm of the IHBC, rather than simply administrative support, was seriously mooted from the start of the new century as the next critical step after securing our charitable and corporate credentials as the IHBC. Despite huge economic and sectoral pressures since the start of the national office in 2005 – pressures ranging from chaos in heritage legislation to economic catastrophes – we have not only consolidated our operations but extended our reach and services. Today, while we could not describe our circumstances as rosy, at least the discussions at our ruling council are focussed more on what we do next, rather than on whether or not we will survive the year, as was the case when I first arrived. The forward planning that got us here – hard though it was when capacity, operating environment and policy support have been so variable – is now bearing fruit, not least in new benefits to our members and sector. Much of our recent success derives from the hard work and diligence of our volunteers and partners as well as our staff and consultants. Collectively, we have delivered services that members continue to find attractive and good value, and all to a standard and consistency that belie the limited human and financial resources available to us. For example, the 2013 Annual School in Carlisle, on skills, delivered splendid sector training and networking, as confirmed by the positive feedback in the delegate survey. Carlisle did all that and more, and at a price that could not have been achieved without substantial voluntary support from our North branch and, in particular, the hero of the programme, Richard Majewicz. Our core value resides in our members and our volunteers. SECTOR-DEFINING RESEARCH We have also seen a step-change in our services. For example our research projects increasingly deliver independent and – critically – suitably informed understanding of the sector, and much more widely than had been the case. Previously, correcting misinformed statements in poorly managed and delivered heritagesponsored research by others was the norm. Increasingly, we are now asked to do the analysis for clients ourselves. That was the case, for example, with our report on skills in England’s conservation services, and in our scoping report on the operations and capacity of those services in Scotland. The survey of conservation services in Scotland, generously supported by Historic Scotland, was groundbreaking as it allowed us to delve more deeply into conservation practice than had been possible in our data-gathering in England or our data analysis in Wales. Based on that research, we were able to make some fundamental statements on how the services work, or might work, both efficiently and effectively: • by partnering with planning services • by being focussed on sustainable outcomes achieved by skilled practitioners • by delivering huge benefits despite minimal investment Sadly, progress in local government in all of these areas is threatened by a lack of succession planning due to poor investment. That survey of Scottish conservation services was in itself just a small part of the suite of conservationdefining research that we continue to generate. And that research is still just a small part of our work on the ground, covering philosophy, practice, standards, training, policy, advocacy and networks. INFRASTRUCTURE We have been able to achieve so much on the ground because we looked ahead in planning our operations, employing Fiona Newton in her role as Projects Officer and James Caird in consultations. Their work built on earlier consultancy partnerships (they are so much more than services) including Peter Badcock and Joanna Theobald in IT, Rob Cowan for Context and those with Cathedral Communications for our publications and, through Lydia Porter, administration. More recently, from voluntary roles, we now have Bob Kindred supporting our research, Alison McCandlish on NewsBlogs, and Carmen Moran on membership services. That is a long list of names, so it’s probably worth remembering that it still only represents about four full-time posts. Our actual employee numbers, two, still put us in spitting distance of ‘sole trader’ status. Seán O’Reilly (left) and fellow delegate Torsten Haak on an annual school study tour
R E V I E W 15 However, we now have a more rounded capacity to deliver services, and a more sustainable business infrastructure to maintain them, so it is also time for us to do some more forward planning. FORWARD PLANNING Since 2012 we have been exploring the challenges around our governance, to reflect the changing contexts for our organisational representation, capacity and aspirations. The IHBC originated in 1981 as the Association of Conservation Officers in a world supported by volunteers with only occasional office support. Back then, climate change was still a niche issue. Apples were for eating and windows for looking out of. Our competitorpartners were more often small amenity societies than big professional bodies and most of the people who would go on to become members were then learning their skills in public services, in local planning departments. Conservation was often the fun slipstream coming out of what the DoE called ‘repair, maintenance and improvement’. For others, myself included, it was an exciting new world that opened out from an academic fascination with culture, history and places. It is still like that for some early career practitioners, but for others such views probably sound impossibly quaint. In either case, we are now dutybound to follow the virtuous circle that has taken us to where we are today. We need to plan ahead to ensure that our organisation is fit for purpose, today and for the future. Our plans and structures must underpin what we want to do; what we want to do is what we need to do; what we need to do is what we say we are doing, and, crucially, that what we say we are doing actually can be done because our organisation is fit for purpose. THE STATE OF PLAY To see where we should be looking from, let me list some headline points on our current standing. (With so much going on, there is simply not enough room for more detail below, so please go to our website if you need more.) Resources We raised our surplus in the last financial year by 50 per cent, up from about £28,000 the year before. Under our trustees’ guidance, this capacity should ensure we deliver fully on our charitable and corporate objectives, fulfilling a central aspiration of our members. Our skills complement – our human resources – is no less impressive, reflected in the diverse competencies in our national office staff and the bedrock of volunteer capacity that underpins so much of what we do. Membership The number of members subscribing to our Code of Conduct was static last year, but still we’re at least 50 per cent up on where we were before the national office was developed. And we are launching a suite of support tools and resources for those working towards full accreditation by IHBC: • TeamStarter, for teams looking to build capacity in conservation • WebStarter, for individuals • ‘staged’ accreditation, to support those developing skills incrementally, especially those without access to dedicated conservation planning training in public service • and online tools and dedicated feedback, guidance and support, all linked to a credible (if admittedly small) CPD monitoring programme. Education We have secured National Occupational Standards, a bureaucratic measure of critical significance for any profession defining itself to government, years ahead of our initial expectations, while also usefully defining our support for vocational education. Annual schools generate revenue that supports branches and bursaries. Our website is increasingly a starting point for learning rather than an end-point for those looking for accreditation. The Gus Astley Student Awards have disbursed the equivalent of £20,000 in student support since the scheme was launched in 2007, while vibrant regional and local events, resources and networks continue to be delivered by our branches. Policy We have secured endorsement for IHBC membership criteria as a preferred standard in the construction industry under the most testing review of conservation consents in recent years (England’s Penfold Review). We can boast a legacy of consultation responses that includes leading on heritage legislation advice that represented ¼ million built environment professional memberships. As a matter of course we are also consolidating opinion across specialist private, public and third sector interests in ways that most national bodies have completely failed to register. Communications The NewsBlog email alerts (with over 7,000 items in the archive) are a resource available to all 2,200 or so members, with easy options to send our messages into our active digital social network, which now has around 7,000 links. The IHBC website now gets about 300,000 unique visits a month (from an average of 60,000 in 2011). Our jobs service delivers the good news to members’ desktops or mobile phones at the rate of about three per week, and most of our publications are openly accessible online. This is just part of a story that we want to continue, and as we review our structures to recognise the new world we have helped to create, we look once again to our members, colleagues and supporters to help guide us forward as we make sure we remain fit for purpose. Seán O’Reilly, email@example.com The Gus Astley Student Awards at the 2013 Annual School in Carlisle: the scheme has disbursed the equivalent of £20,000 in student support since it was launched in 2007.
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R E V I E W 17 THE ART OF CONSERVATION DAVID KINCAID The title of the 2014 ihbc Annual School is ‘The Art of Conservation’. The school will seek to rebalance the essential but more practical skills of management and intervention with the thinking and aspirations of ‘educated, artistic people’. The concern is that we have lost sight of our artistic roots, first put forward by William Morris in the 1877 Manifesto of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings: If, for the rest, it be asked us to specify what kind of amount of art, style, or other interest in a building, makes it worth protecting, we answer, anything which can be looked on as artistic, picturesque, historical, antique, or substantial: any work, in short, over which educated, artistic people would think it worthwhile to argue at all. The other articles in this yearbook address this concern by looking at the ‘arts’ of sympathetic intervention, master planning, conservative repair, negotiation in the planning process and lighting the historic townscape. The articles highlight a number of case studies, such as the restoration of Astley Castle in Warwickshire for the Landmark Trust and the lighting of the Walled City of Derry~Londonderry. The themes discussed in the articles inevitably raise the question: ‘Is conservation an art or a science?’ Opinion remains divided. It was Aristotle who first separated subjects into arts and sciences and most modern universities still have distinct faculties of arts and sciences. Of the 19 IHBC-recognised courses in conservation in the UK (see page 85), 13 are designated as science qualifications and four as arts (the two remaining postgraduate diplomas don’t use the ‘art’ or ‘science’ label). To some extent this division is artificial but conservation courses do tend to be seen as science- rather than art-based. Within the IHBC’s eight areas of competence only one, ‘Philosophy’ specifically mentions artistic concerns (‘aesthetic values’). However, the ‘Design and Presentation’ competence would of course also involve art and aesthetics. The emphases of the six remaining competencies have a technical and practical slant rather than an artistic one. This association of conservation with scientific and technical disciplines is rather comforting, as we have objective research and facts to underpin our decisions and advice. Indeed this scientific or technical knowledge is essential when we are considering repairs to heritage assets. Other than vandalism and accidental damage, the environment is the main cause of decay in heritage assets and artworks. Oxygen, air pollutants produced by the burning of fossil fuels, light, changes in temperature and humidity are all responsible for the inevitable decay of artefacts. As soon as an artefact is created it begins to undergo chemical reactions with its environment. In order to intervene and carry out repairs it is necessary to understand how the artefact interacts with the environment. Once this is fully understood one can determine what methods to use to halt or prevent its decay. A dramatic new lighting scheme has transformed the walled city of Derry~Londonderry. The project is discussed in Paul Millar’s article on page 32. (Photo: Sammonds Photography)ihbc.org.uk